Important events for July 22

259 – Dionysius elected as bishop of Rome, succeeding Sixtus II.

260 – St Dionysius begins his reign as Catholic Pope.

1099 – First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.

1298 – English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk.

1306 – King Phillip the Fair, orders expulsion of Jews out of France.

1456 – Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi beats sultan Murad II.

1484 – Battle of Lochmaben Fair – a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany’s brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.

1489 – “Tractate Niddah” a talmudic edition, first printed.

1489 – Treaty of Frankfurt.

1515 – Anna of Bohemia (12) marries Karel van Ferdinand of Austria.

1515 – Louis of Hungary (9) marries Maria of Bohemia and succession to Hungarian throne.

1515 – Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire.

1535 – Christians captured in Tunis in uprising against Adm Barbarossa.

1582 – Willem van Orange moves from Antwerp to Delft.

1587 – Second English colony forms on Roanoke Island off NC.

1632 – Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro-palace for king Philip IV.

1648 – 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre.

1686 – City of Albany, NY chartered.

1691 – Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France.

1729 – Diamonds found in Minas Geras Brazil.

1731 – Spain signs Treaty of Vienna.

1739 – Turks defeats Holy Roman Emp at Crocyka Yugoslavia and threaten Belgrade.

1775 – George Washington takes command of US troops.

1793 – Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.

1796 – Cleveland, Ohio, founded by Gen Moses Cleveland.

1812 – Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain.

1859 – V. E. Walker takes 10–74 in an innings for England v Surrey.

1864 – Battle of Atlanta – Hood attacks Sherman, 8,449 confederate, 3,641 US die.

1865 – V. E. Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex v Lancs.

1893 – Katharine Lee Bates writes “America the Beautiful,” in Colorado.

1898 – Belgica crew see first sunrise in 1600 hrs – first to endure Antarctic winter.

1901 – Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro.

1905 – Phila Athletic’s Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6–0.

1912 – Fifth Olympic games in Stockholm, Sweden closes.

1916 – A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in SF killing 10.

1917 – Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian PM.

1917 – British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades.

1918 – Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah’s Wasatch National Park.

1919 – De Falla and Massine’s “Three-cornered Hat,” premieres in London.

1921 – 25th US Golf Open: Jim Barnes shoots a 289 at Columbia CC in MD.

1922 – Cards enter first place, marks first time both St Louis teams are on top.

1923 – Walter Johnson becomes first to strikeout 3,000 (en route to 3,508).

1925 – Yankees purchase infielder Leo Durocher.

1926 – 105°F (41°C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record).

1926 – 108°F (42°C), Troy, NY (state record).

1926 – Cin Red Curt Walker ties record of two triples in an inning.

1933 – Caterina Jarboro sings “Aida,” NYC – first negro prima donna in US.

1933 – Wiley Post completes first round-the-world solo flight.

1934 – Outside Chicago’s Biograph Theatre, “Public Enemy No. 1” John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.

1935 – Lester Walton appointed minister to Liberia.

1936 – Phillies John Moore hits three consecutive HRs.

1937 – Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections.

1937 – Senate rejects FDR proposal to enlarge Supreme Court.

1939 – First black woman judge (Jane Matilda Bolin – NYC).

1940 – Dutch prime minister De Geer meets Hitler seeking peace talks.

1940 – Jacqueline Kennedy’s parents divorce.

1942 – Fourth Russian Pantzer army forms with 80 tanks.

1942 – Gasoline rationing using coupons begins.

1942 – Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka Extermination Camp.

1943 – US forces led by Gen George Patton liberate Palermo Sicily.

1944 – Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation.

1946 – Estelle Bennett, rocker (Ronettes).

1946 – Menachen Begin’s opposition group surprise attack on King David hotel.

1947 – –8°F (–13°C), Charlotte Pass, NSW (Australian record).

1950 – Frank Worrell completes 261 v England at Trent Bridge.

1950 – King Leopold, after six years in exile, returns to Belgium.

1951 – Gen Francisco Craveiro Lopes appointed pres of Portugal.

1952 – Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution.

1954 – Virgin Islands (US) adopts constitution (Revised Organic Act).

1954 – WTHI TV channel 10 in Terre Haute, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting.

1955 – First VP to preside over cabinet meeting – R. Nixon.

1955 – Phillies longest win streak since 1892 hits 11.

1958 – US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island.

1959 – Patricia Ann Bracken born.

1959 – Benjamin Britten’s “Missa Brevis” in D, premieres.

1959 – Earth gas found at Kolham (Slochteren) Groningen.

1960 – Cuba nationalizes all US owned sugar factories.

1961 – WBNB TV channel 10 in Charlotte Amaile, VI (CBS) begins broadcasting.

1962 – First US Venus probe, Mariner 1, fails at lift-off.

1962 – 44th PGA Championship: Gary Player shoots a 278 at Aronimink GC PA.

1962 – Chicago White Sox Floyd Robinson goes six for six (all singles).

1962 – Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Tournament.

1963 – Beatles release “Introducing the Beatles” .

1963 – Sonny Liston KOs Floyd Patterson in one for heavyweight boxing title.

1965 – Edward Heath succeeds Alec Douglas-Hume as leader of British Conservative party.

1967 – First major appearance by Vanilla Fudge (Village Theater NYC).

1967 – Atlanta Braves use a record five pitchers in ninth inning.

1967 – Carol Mann wins LPGA Supertest Ladies’ Golf Open.

1967 – Jimi Hendrix quits as opening act of the Monkees’ tour.

1968 – Sir John Newsome recommends public schools should take 50% of their intake from the state school system.

1969 – Aretha Franklin arrested for disturbing peace in Detroit.

1969 – USSR launches Sputnik 50 and Molniya 1-12 communications satellite.

1971 – Sudan military counter coup under premier Numeiry.

1972 – 10.84" (27.53cm) of rainfall, Fort Ripley, Mn (state 24-hr record).

1972 – Venera 8 makes soft landing on Venus.

1973 – 28th US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Susie Maxwell Berning.

1975 – House of Reps votes to restore citizenship to Gen Robert E Lee.

1976 – “Let My People Come” opens at Morosco Theater NYC for 106 performances.

1979 – Pat Meyers wins LPGA Greater Baltimore Golf Classic.

1981 – Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced in a Rome to life.

1982 – Academic Text Processing Service forms in Seattle.

1982 – Biggest mass wedding, Rev Sun Myung Moon weds 2,200 couples in NYC.

1983 – –128.6°F (–89.2°C) recorded, Vostok, Antarctica (world record).

1983 – Angels OF Brian Downing error ends his record streak at 244 games.

1983 – Dick Smith makes first solo helicopter flight around the world.

1983 – Poland’s PM Januzelski lifts martial law.

1984 – 113th British Golf Open: Seve Ballesteros shoots a 276 at St Andrews.

1984 – 22nd Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats Australia in Sao Paulo Brazil (2–1).

1984 – Kathy Whitworth wins Rochester Golf International (her 85th win).

1984 – Laurent Fignon wins Tour de France.

1986 – House of Reps impeaches Judge Harry E. Claiborne on tax evasion.

1987 – Said Aouita of Morocco sets fivek record (12:58.39) in Rome.

1987 – Soyuz TM-3 launched with three cosmonauts (one Syrian).

1987 – US began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf.

1988 – 500 US scientists pledge to boycott Pentagon germ-warfare research.

1989 – Kristin Huxhold, 18, of Missouri, crowned America’s Junior Miss.

1990 – 119th British Golf Open: Nick Faldo shoots 270 at St Andrews Scotland.

1990 – 90th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Phil Mickelson.

1990 – Beth Daniel wins LPGA Phar-Mor in Youngstown Golf Tournament.

1990 – Greg LeMond of US wins his third Tour de France.

1991 – Jeffrey Dahmer confesses to killing 17 males in 1978.

1992 – Colombia drug baron Pablo Escobar escapes prison.

1992 – Soyuz TM-15 launches.

1993 – NY Yankee Don Mattingly hits his 200th HR.

1993 – Soyuz TM-17 lands.

1994 – 23rd and last part of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter (since July 16th).

1994 – Doc Gooden admitted to Betty Ford Center.

1994 – Mariners play Red Sox as home team at Fenway, as Kingdome is repaired.

1994 – Military coup in Gambia: Pres Dawda Jawara flees.

1994 – O. J. Simpson pleads “Absolutely 100% Not Guilty” of murder.

1994 – William Sigei runs world record 10k (26:52.53).

1995 – Space shuttle STS-70 (Discovery 20), lands.

1995 – Susan Smith found guilty of drowning her two children in SC.

1997 – Fire breaks out at Palais de Chaillot in Paris.

1997 – The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.

2002 – Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas’s military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.

2003 – Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein’s sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay’s 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.

2005 – Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers. See 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings.