Important events for February 8

421 – Flavius Constantine becomes emperor Constantine III of West Roman emp.

421 – Constantius III becomes co-Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.

1526 – Heavy storm strikes Dutch coast, many die.

1575 – University Leiden founded, and given the motto Praesidium Libertatis.

1600 – Vatican convicts scholar Giordano Bruno to death.

1601 – Earl Robert Devereux of Essex armies draws into London.

1622 – King James I disbands the English parliament.

1672 – Isaac Newton reads first optics paper before Royal Society in London.

1690 – French and Indian troops set Schenectady settlement NY on fire.

1690 – Lord Halifax resigns as Lord Privy Seal.

1693 – William and Mary college is second college chartered in US.

1726 – The Supreme Privy Council is established in Russia.

1735 – First opera in US “Flora,” opens in Charleston, SC.

1743 – Comet C/1743 C1 approaches within 0.0390 AUs of Earth.

1744 – French/Spanish fleet leaves Toulon.

1750 – Minor earthquake in London.

1776 – Wolfgang von Goethes’ “Stella,” premieres in Hamburg.

1802 – Simon Willard patents banjo clock.

1807 – Napoleon defeats Russians in battle of Eylau.

1809 – Franz I of Austria declares war on France.

1837 – First VP chosen by Senate, Richard Johnson (Van Buren admin).

1849 – New Roman Republic established.

1855 – The Devil’s Footprints mysteriously appear in southern Devon.

1861 – Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Ala.

1862 – Battle of Roanoke Island NC, Federals gain control of Pamlico Sound.

1862 – Opera “Lily of Killarney” premieres in London.

1865 – First black major in US army, Martin Robinson Delany.

1867 – The Ausgleich results in the establishment of the Dual Monarchy of Austria-Hungary.

1879 – Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.

1883 – Louis Waterman begins experiments to invents fountain pen.

1887 – Aurora Ski Club of Red Wing, Minn became the first US ski club.

1887 – Dawes Act passed (indians living apart from tribe granted citizenship).

1887 – The Dawes Act authorized the President of the United States to survey Native American tribal land and divide it into individual allotments.

1889 – Flood ravages Dutch coast.

1894 – Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks.

1895 – Tchaikovsky/Petipa’s “Swan Lake,” premieres in Petersburg.

1896 – Georges Feydeaus’ “Le Dindon,” premieres in Paris.

1896 – Western Conference forms of Midwestern U, later renamed Big 10 Conf.

1898 – John Ames Sherman patents first envelope folding and gumming machine (Mass).

1904 – Russo-Japanese War begins.

1905 – Cyclone hit Tahiti and adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people.

1908 – Wilhelmina ’08 soccer team forms in Weert Netherland.

1909 – France and Germany sign treaty about Morocco.

1910 – The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce.

1911 – US helps overthrow President Miguel Devila of Honduras.

1911 – Victor Herbert’s opera “Natoma,” premieres in NYC.

1912 – First eastbound US transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Fla.

1914 – General Zamon becomes president of Haiti.

1915 – “Birth of a Nation” opens at Clune’s Auditorium in LA.

1916 – Thomas Edward Bracken born.

1916 – French cruiser Admiral Charner torpedoed off Syrian coast, kills 374.

1916 – NL votes down Charlie Ebbets proposal to limit 25 cent seats.

1918 – Stars & Stripes, weekly US armed forces newspaper, first published.

1920 – Swiss men vote against women’s suffrage.

1922 – Radio arrives at the White House.

1923 – Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120.

1923 – German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily.

1924 – First coast-to-coast radio hookup: Gen John Joseph Carty speech in Chicago.

1925 – Kaufman and Berlin’s “cocoanuts,” premieres in NYC.

1925 – Marcus Garvey enters federal prison in Atlanta.

1926 – German Reichstag decides to apply for League of Nations membership.

1926 – Sean O’Casey’s “Plough and Stars” opens at Abbey Theater Dublin.

1926 – Walt Disney Studios forms.

1927 – Belgian-Swiss treaty signed.

1928 – First transatlantic TV image received, Hartsdale, NY.

1928 – Scottish inventor J. Blaird demonstrates color TV.

1929 – KOY-AM in Phoenix Arizona begins radio transmissions.

1930 – “Happy Days Are Here Again” by Benny Mereoff hits number one.

1931 – Gas explosion Fire in Fushun-coal mine, Manchuria kills 3,000.

1933 – –23°F (–31°C), Seminole, Texas (state record).

1933 – First flight of all-metal Boeing 247.

1934 – Export-Import Bank organizes in Washington, DC.

1934 – Gaston Doumergue forms new French govt.

1935 – First NFL draft; Jay Berwanger of U Chicago is first pick (by Eagles) He never plays in NFL.

1936 – First NFL draft, Eagles select Heisman Trophy winner Jay Berwanger.

1936 – First ski jumping tournament, Red Wing, Minn.

1936 – First successful Toronto Maple Leaf penalty shot, Conacher vs Rangers.

1936 – Pandit Jawaharlal follows Gandhi as chairman of India Congress Party.

1937 – Maxwell Anderson’s “Masque of Kings,” premieres in NYC.

1940 – Lewis and Hamilton’s musical “Two for the Show,” premieres in NYC.

1940 – Lodtz, first large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland.

1941 – Japanese armored barges cross Strait of Johore to attack Singapore.

1941 – NSB’er Max Blokzijl begins Nazi propaganda on Dutch radio.

1942 – Stravinsky’s “Danses Concertantes,” premieres in Los Angeles.

1942 – Congress advises FDR that, Americans of Japanese descent should be locked up en masse so they wouldn’t oppose the US war effort.

1943 – Red Army recaptures Kursk.

1944 – First black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin.

1944 – U-762 sunk off Ireland.

1945 – Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald.

1946 – Béla Bartók’s Third Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Philadelphia, PA, US.

1946 – Premier Salazar of Portugal forbids opposition parties.

1947 – Jan van der Hoorn wins eighth Dutch 11-cities skating race (10:51).

1947 – KSD (now KSDK) TV channel 5 in St Louis, MO (NBC) begins broadcasting.

1948 – Fifth Winter Olympic games close at St Moritz, Switzerland.

1949 – Hungarian Cardinal Mindszenty sentenced to life in prison.

1952 – “RCA Victor Show Starring Dennis Day,” debuts on NBC TV.

1952 – Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the UK.

1953 – Betty Jameson wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open.

1953 – WLVA (now WSET) TV channel 13 in Lynchburg-Roanoke, VA (ABC) begins.

1955 – Malenkov resigns as USSR premier, Bulganin replaces him.

1955 – The Government of Sindh abolished Jagirdari system in the province. One million acres (4000km²) of land thus acquired is to be distributed among the landless peasants.

1956 – Mine disaster in Quaregnon Belgium, eight die.

1957 – SF Public Library’s bookmobile initiated in front of City Hall.

1958 – Edgar Whitehead succeeds Garfield Todd as premier of South Rhodesia.

1958 – French planes bomb Sakiet Tunisia, 75 die.

1958 – KIRO TV channel 7 in Seattle, WA (CBS) begins broadcasting.

1960 – Boston Celtic Bill Russell becomes first NBAer with 50 rebounds (51).

1960 – Congress opens hearings looking into payola.

1960 – Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom issued an Order-in-Council, stating that she and her family would be known as the House of Windsor, and that her descendants will take the name “Mountbatten-Windsor” .

1962 – KACB TV channel 3 in San Angelo, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting.

1962 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1963 – First transmission of Clandestine Voice of Iraqi People (Communist).

1963 – AFL’s Dallas Texans become KC Chiefs.

1963 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1964 – Peter Shaffer’s “Royal Hunt of the Sun,” premieres in London.

1964 – Rep Martha Griffiths address gets civil rights protection for women being added to the 1964 Civil Rights Act.

1965 – Eastern DC-7B crashes into Atlantic off Jones Beach NJ, kills 84.

1965 – Supremes release “Stop In the Name of Love” .

1967 – Longest losing streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (10 games).

1967 – Peter (Asher) and Gordon (Waller) discontinue their singing partnership.

1967 – Pirate Radio UKGM (England) closes down.

1967 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1968 – Officers kill three students demonstrating in SC State (Orangeburg).

1969 – Last edition of Saturday Evening Post.

1969 – Meteorite weighing over one ton falls in Chihuahua, Mexico.

1971 – Pedro Morales beats Ivan Koloff in NY, to become WWF wrestling champ.

1971 – South Vietnamese troops invade Laos.

1971 – The Nasdaq stock market index debuts.

1972 – Josh Gibson and Buck Leonard selected to Hall of Fame.

1973 – Jean Kerrs “Finishing Touches,” premieres in NYC.

1973 – Mushtaq and Asif Iqbal make 350 stand for fourth wicket v NZ.

1973 – Senate names seven members to investigate Watergate scandal.

1974 – “Good Times,” debuts on CBS TV.

1974 – Ringo releases “You’re 16” .

1974 – Skylab 4’s astronauts land.

1974 – Soap opera “Secret Storm” ends a 20 year run.

1975 – 1800 Unification church couples’ wed in Korea.

1975 – Caps only got one shot in a period against Islanders.

1976 – Hua Guofeng becomes premier of China PR.

1976 – Jan Stephens wins LPGA Sarah Coventry Naples Golf Classic.

1976 – Largest crowd at Cleveland Coliseum (Cavs vs Wash – 21,130).

1977 – Earthquake in SF, at 5.0, strongest since 1966.

1978 – Crown Prince Sad Abdallah al-Salim Al Sabah becomes PM of Kuwait.

1978 – Proceedings of the United States Senate are broadcast on radio for the first time.

1979 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1979 – Denis Sassou-Nguesso became the President of the Republic of the Congo for the first time.

1981 – “5 O’Clock Girl” closes at Helen Hayes Theater NYC after 12 performances.

1981 – “Brigadoon” closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 133 performances.

1981 – Sally Little wins LPGA Elizabeth Arden Golf Classic.

1981 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Elaine Zayak.

1981 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton.

1982 – Dodgers trade Davey Lopes to A’s breaking up the longest-playing infield (Cey-Russell-Lopes-Garvey).

1983 – 35th NHL All-Star Game: Campbell beat Wales 9–3 at NY Islander.

1983 – Baseball orders Mickey Mantle to sever ties with Claridge Casino.

1983 – Eric Peters sets transatlantic sailboat record (E-W) – 46 days.

1983 – Tina Howe’s “Painting Churches,” premieres in NYC.

1983 – Wayne Gretzky sets NHL all star record of four goals in one period.

1983 – Champion thoroughbred Shergar kidnapped in Ireland; never found Lloyds of London pays $10.6 million insurance.

1984 – 14th Winter Olympic games opens in Sarajevo, Yugoslavia.

1984 – First time eight people in space.

1984 – A’s take Yankees pitcher Tim Belcher as Type A free agent compensation.

1984 – Soyuz T-10 launches with crew of three to Salyut 7.

1985 – First-class cricket debut of Jimmy Adams (age 17), Jamaica v Barbados.

1985 – Bruce Morris, Marshall Univ, makes a 92' 5½" basketball shot.

1985 – Michael Gross swims world record 800m freestyle (7:38.75).

1985 – Opposition leader Kim Dae Jung returns to South-Korea.

1986 – 5' 7" Spud Webb of Atlanta Hawks wins NBA Slam Dunk Competition.

1986 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Brian Boitano.

1986 – 1984 Summer Olympics head of the LAPD bomb squad, Arleigh McCree, and his partner Officer Ronald Ball of the Firearms and Explosives Unit were killed while trying to dismantle two pipe bombs when they responded to a call. McCree was recognized as one of the top explosive experts in the world.

1987 – 37th NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 154–149 (OT) at Seattle.

1987 – Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic.

1988 – NASA launches DOD-2.

1989 – Five centimeters of snow falls in outskirts of Los Angeles.

1989 – Jockey Chris Antley begins record of 64 consecutive winning days.

1989 – US Boeing 707 crashes into Santa Maria mountain, 145 die.

1990 – David Hares “Racing Demon,” premieres in London.

1990 – “60 Minutes” commentator Andy Rooney suspended by CBS for racial remarks attributed to him by a gay magazine.

1991 – Roger Clemens signs record $5,380,250 per year Red Sox contract.

1992 – “I’m Too Sexy” by Right Said Fred peaks at number one.

1992 – 16th Winter Olympic games opens in Albertville, France.

1992 – Ulysses spacecraft passes Jupiter.

1993 – Suchoi-24 crashes into Tupolev passenger flight, 134 die.

1993 – GM sues NBC, alleging that “Dateline NBC” program had rigged two car-truck crashes to show that 1973-87 GM pickups were prone to fires.

1994 – Jack Nicholson uses a golf club to attack a car.

1994 – Kapil Dev sets world record for Test Cricket wickets with 432.

1994 – Motley Crue drummer Tommy Lee charge with possession of loaded firearm.

1995 – 6.4 earthquake at Trujillo, Colombia (46+ killed).

1996 – NFL and Cleveland allows Art Modell to move his NFL franchise to Balt but he had to leave the Browns’ name behind.

1996 – The US Congress passes the Communications Decency Act.

1996 – The massive Internet collaboration “24 Hours in Cyberspace” takes place.

1998 – First female ice hockey game in Olympic history Finland beats Sweden 6-0.

1998 – 48th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 135–114 at NYC.

1998 – NHL stops season until Feb 24th to accomodate the Olympics.

2002 – XIX Winter Olympics opens in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States.

2005 – Israel and Palestinians agree to cease-fire.

2008 – Nebraska bans electric chair as sole execution method.