Important events for June 28

767 – St Paul I ends his reign as Catholic Pope.

1098 – Fighters of the First Crusade defeat Kerbogha of Mosul.

1119 – Battle of Sarmada – Emir Ilghazi defeat French Crusaders.

1245 – First Council of Lyons (13th ecumenical council) opens.

1389 – Ottomans defeat Serbian army in the bloody Battle of Kosovo, opening the way for the Ottoman conquest of Southeastern Europe (see Vidovdan).

1461 – Edward IV crowned king of England.

1485 – Gent/Brugge/Ieper recognize Maximilian of Austria as regent of Netherlands.

1519 – King Carlos I elected Roman Catholic German emperor Charles V.

1524 – Duke van Bourbon occupies Province.

1575 – Spanish troops conquer Buren.

1583 – Duke French van Valois returns to France.

1593 – Earl Mauritius conquerors Geertruidenberg.

1629 – Peace of Ales: Rights of French Huguenots limited.

1635 – French colony of Guadeloupe established in Caribbean.

1651 – Battle of Beresteczko between Poles and Ukrainians starts.

1675 – Battle at Fehrbellin: Brandenburgs army beats Sweden.

1748 – Riot after public execution in Amsterdam, 200+ killed.

1762 – First reported counterfeiting attempt (Boston).

1762 – Russian Tsarina Catharina II grabs power.

1770 – Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia.

1776 – Charleston, SC repulses British sea attack.

1778 – Battle of Monmouth, NJ (Gen Washington beats Clinton).

1778 – Mary Ludwig Hayes “Molly Pitcher” aids American patriots.

1807 – British troops lands at Ensenada, Argentina.

1820 – Tomato is proven non-poisonous.

1832 – Gerrit Moll measures noise of guns.

1838 – Britain’s Queen Victoria crowned in Westminster Abbey.

1841 – The Théâtre de l’Académie Royale de Musique in Paris premieres the ballet “Giselle”.

1855 – The Sigma Chi Fraternity was founded at Miami University.

1859 – First dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England).

1861 – Leipzig Observatory discovers short-period (6.2 years) Comet d’Arrest.

1862 – Day four of seven days-Battle of Savage’s Station/Garnett’s Farm, VA.

1865 – The Army of the Potomac is disbanded.

1869 – Amsterdam typographers’ strike.

1874 – Freedmen’s Bank closes.

1880 – Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.

1887 – Phillies most lopsided shut-out beating Indianapolis 24–0.

1892 – Phillies tie club record of 16 straight victories.

1894 – Labor Day established as a federal employees holiday.

1895 – El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua form Central American Union.

1897 – Marquis C. de Bonchamps’ expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia.

1902 – Congress authorizes Louisiana Purchase Expo $1 gold coin.

1902 – US buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million.

1904 – International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam.

1904 – The SS Norge runs aground and sinks.

1907 – Nationals steal a record 13 bases off catcher Branch Rickey.

1909 – First French air show, Concours d’Avation opens.

1911 – Joseph Caillaux forms govt in France.

1914 – Austria invades Siberia (WW I).

1914 – Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip , the cause of World War I.

1917 – Potato entrepreneurs begins in Amsterdam.

1917 – Raggedy Ann doll invented.

1918 – First flight between Hawaiian Islands.

1919 – Carl Mazes pitches a complete doubleheader against NY Yankees.

1919 – Harry S. Truman marries Elizabeth Virginia Wallace in Independence.

1919 – Treaty of Versailles ending WW I signed in France.

1923 – Dodgers lost 7–0 lead, as Phillies score eight in bottom of ninth.

1923 – Queen Wilhelmina and Prince Henry for state visit to London.

1924 – Test cricket umpire debut for Frank Chester, v South Africa at Lord’s.

1924 – Tornado strikes Sandusky Ohio and Lorain Ohio, killing 93.

1928 – Alfred E. Smith (NY-Gov) nominated for president at Dem Convention.

1928 – Friedrich Schmiedl attempted rocket mail in Austria (unsuccessful).

1930 – First night game in Detroit at newly built Hamtramck Stadium as Negro League Detroit Stars take on KC Monarchs.

1934 – Hitler flies to Essen (Night of Long Knifes).

1935 – Earl Averill’s consecutive-game streak ends at 673.

1935 – FDR orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox Kentucky.

1936 – The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China.

1938 – Bradman scores 102 not out in drawn second Test cricket at Lord’s.

1939 – Joe Louis TKOs Tony Galent in fourth for heavyweight boxing title.

1939 – Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie Clipper).

1939 – Yanks hit 13 HRs, sweep A’s 23–2 and 10–0.

1940 – “Quiz Kids?” premieres on radio.

1940 – Romania cedes Bessarabia to Soviet Union.

1941 – German and Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev.

1941 – German troops occupy Galicia Poland.

1942 – Col-gen Von Hoth’ 6th Pantzer enters Voronezj.

1942 – Dumont TV network begins (WABD NY).

1943 – Teresa Ogier Bracken born.

1945 – Polish Provisional Govt of National Unity set up by Soviets.

1946 – Enrico de Nicola becomes first president of Italy.

1946 – Permanent radio play-by-play of Cleveland Indians games begins.

1947 – “Temptation” (Tim-Tayshun) by Red Ingle with Jo Stafford hits number one.

1948 – US/British airlift to West-Berlin begins.

1950 – “Michael Todd’s Peep Show” opens at Winter Garden NYC for 278 performances.

1950 – North Korean forces capture Seoul, South Korea in opening phase of the Korean War.

1951 – “Amos ’n’ Andy” premieres on CBS TV.

1953 – Eighth US Women’s Open Golf Championship won by Betsy Rawls.

1954 – 111°F (44°C) at Camden, South Carolina (state record).

1956 – First atomic reactor built for private research operates Chicago Ill.

1956 – Riots break out in Poznan Poland, 38 die.

1957 – Reds’ fans stuff ballot box, electing eight Reds as All Star starters.

1957 – Frick overrules and names Stan Musial, Willie Mays, and Hank Aaron to team.

1958 – Brazil becomes world soccer champ in Sweden.

1958 – Nancy Ramey swims world record 100m (1:09.6).

1959 – Phils Wally Post is only outfielder to throw out two runners in an inning twice (Losing to Giants 6–0).

1960 – 10.40" (26.42cm) of rainfall, Dunmor, Kentucky (state 24-hour record).

1961 – Phils and SF set then record longest night game (5h 11m) 7–-7 15 inn tie.

1962 – Thalidomide drug banned in Netherlands.

1963 – Belaunde Terry inaugurated as president of Peru.

1963 – Khrushchev visits East-Berlin.

1964 – Mickey Wright wins LPGA Waldemar Golf Open.

1964 – Organization for Afo-American Unity forms in NY by Malcolm X.

1965 – First US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by Pres Johnson.

1965 – Princess Beatrice and Claus von Amsberg announce engagement.

1966 – Ernie Terrel beats Doug Jones in 15 wba for heavyweight boxing title.

1967 – George Harrison is fined £6 for speeding.

1967 – Israel annexes East Jerusalem.

1968 – Daniel Ellsberg indicted for leaking Pentagon Papers.

1969 – John Hampshire scores 107 on Test cricket debut v WI at Lord’s.

1969 – Stonewall riots begin in New York City.

1970 – Mary Mills wins LPGA Len Immke Buick Golf Open.

1971 – Fillmore East closes.

1971 – Phillies’ Rick Wise hits two HRs and no-hits Reds.

1971 – Supreme Court (8–0) overturns draft evasion conviction of Muhammad Ali.

1973 – Lawsuit in Detroit challenges Little League’s “no girls” rule.

1973 – Black Sports Hall of Fame forms: Paul Robeson, Elgin Baylor, Jesse Owens, Jim Brown, Wilma Rudolph, Joe Louis and Althea Gibson elected.

1974 – Fall of earth and rocks kill 200 (Quebrada Blanca Canyon, Colombia).

1974 – Wings release “Band on the Run” and “Zoo Gang” in UK.

1975 – David Bowie releases “Fame” .

1975 – Golfer Lee Trevino is struck by lightning at Western Open (Ill).

1976 – First woman was admitted to Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs Colo.

1976 – Hijacked French Airbus lands in Entebbe, Uganda.

1977 – Billy Hunter becomes Rangers’ fourth manager in six days.

1977 – Supreme Court allows Federal control of Nixon tapes papers.

1978 – UNICEF chooses rock group Kansas as ambassadors of goodwill.

1978 – Supreme Court orders Cal medical school to admit Allan Bakke a white man claiming reverse discrimination when application was rejected.

1979 – OPEC raises oil prices 24%.

1980 – NYC transit fare rises from 50 cents to 60 cents.

1981 –“Piaf” closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 165 performances.

1981 – 74 government officials die in attack in Iran.

1981 – Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sarah Coventry Golf Tournament.

1982 – Prince Charles and Lady Diana name their baby “William” .

1983 – Bridge section along I-95 in Greenwich, Ct collapsed kills Three.

1983 – NASA launches Galaxy-A.

1985 – Discovery ferried back to Kennedy Space Center via Bergstrom AFB, Tx.

1986 – Irish population condemns divorce.

1986 – Kenneth and Nellie Pike challenge Ala Dem runoff win by AG C Graddick.

1987 – “Dreamgirls” opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 177 performances.

1987 – Deb Richard wins LPGA Rochester Golf International.

1987 – Don Baylor sets career hit-by-pitch mark at 244 (Pitcher Rick Rhoden).

1988 – Mike Tyson sues to break contract with manager Bill Cayton.

1990 – Emmy 17th Daytime Award presentation – Susan Lucci loses for 11th time.

1992 – “Chinese Coffee” opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 18 performances.

1992 – Two earthquakes, including third strongest in US (7.4) rock California.

1992 – Burharnuddin Rabbani becomes president of Afghanistan.

1992 – Italian govt of Amato forms.

1992 – LA Police commisioner Daryl Gates steps down.

1992 – Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Rochester Golf International.

1992 – President Bush’s daughter Dorothy marries Bobby Koch.

1992 – US Dream Team beats Cuba in 1st exhibition basketball game, 133–57.

1992 – The Constitution of Estonia is signed into law.

1993 – Doctors recommend ligament transplant to Jose Canseco’s arm.

1993 – Jacques Lemaire is named NJ Devils eighth Head Coach.

1993 – NCRV shows las t“Cheers” in Netherlands.

1993 – Carlton Fisk, 45, released by White Sox, as all time leader of most games caught and most HRs by a catcher.

1994 – NY Met Pitcher Dwight Gooden suspended for 60 days due to drug charges.

1995 – NJ Devils Stanley Cup Victory Party, admidst rumours they were moving to Nashville, goalie Chris Terreri holds up “Nashville? NO WAY!” sign.

1996 – “Nutty Professor,” starring Eddie Murphy opens in theaters in the USA.

1996 – The Constitution of Ukraine is signed into law.

1997 – “Master Class,” closes at Golden Theater NYC after 601 performances.

1997 – “Steel Peer,” closes at Richard Rodgers Theater NYC after 76 performances.

1997 – TV evangelist Robert Schuller attacks a flight attendant.

2000 – Cuban exile Elián González returns to Cuba following a Supreme Court order.

2004 – Estonia, Lithuania and Slovenia join the European Exchange Rate Mechanism.

2004 – The 17th NATO Summit starts in Istanbul.

2004 – Sovereign power is handed to the interim government of Iraq by the Coalition Provisional Authority, ending the US-led rule of that nation.

2005 – A final design for Manhattan’s Freedom Tower is formally unveiled.

2006 – The Republic of Montenegro was admitted as the 192nd Member of the United Nations by General Assembly resolution 60/264.

2007 – Craig Biggio of the Houston Astros becomes the 27th member of the 3000 hit club, going five for five against the Colorado Rockies.