Important events for April 9

193 – Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).

475 – Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.

715 – Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope.

1241 – Battle of Liegnitz – Mongol armies defeat Poles and Germans.

1388 – Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army.

1413 – Henry V is crowned King of England.

1440 – Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.

1454 – Milan/Venice signs peace of Lodi.

1474 – Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon/Italians.

1538 – Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union.

1555 – Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II.

1609 – Spain and Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact.

1621 – Spain and Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends.

1667 – First public art exhibition (Palais-Royale, Paris).

1682 – Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France.

1691 – French troops occupy Mons.

1783 – Tippu Sahib drives out English from Bednore India.

1808 – Mayor Wolters offers French king Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace.

1814 – Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance.

1816 – African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Phila).

1829 – Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200.

1831 – Robert Jenkins loses an ear, starts war between Britain and Spain.

1833 – First tax-supported Public Library (Peterborough, NH).

1838 – National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square London.

1864 – Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2,870 casualities.

1865 – General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops, surrender at Appomattox Court House in Virginia to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant.

1866 – Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson’s veto.

1869 – Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada.

1870 – American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves.

1872 – Samuel R. Percy patents dried milk.

1878 – First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn.

1894 – First performance of Anton Bruckner’s Fifth Symphony in B in Graz.

1906 – Modern Olympic games opens in Athens.

1909 – The U.S. Congress passes the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act.

1912 – First exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard).

1912 – Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for NY.

1913 – Brooklyn Dodger’s Ebbets Field opens, Phillies win 1–0.

1914 – “World, the Flesh & the Devil,” first color film, shown in London.

1914 – Tampico incident – US ship crew arrested in Mexico.

1917 – Battle of Arras begins.

1917 – Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops.

1918 – Latvia proclaims independence.

1923 – Sean O’Casey’s “Shadow of a Gunman,” premieres in Dublin.

1925 – Babe Ruth rushed to hospital.

1927 – Italy and US anarchists Sacco and Vanzetti given death sentences.

1928 – Eugene O’Neill’s “Lazarus Laughed,” premieres in Pasadena.

1928 – Mae West’s NYC debut in a daring new play “Diamond Lil” .

1928 – Top-Oss soccer team forms in Oss.

1928 – Turkey passes separation of church and state.

1931 – Chicago Cy Wentworth beats Mont Canadiens at 13:50 of sixth period.

1932 – Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs sweep NY Rangers in three games.

1935 – Stanley Cup: Montreal Maroons sweep Toronto Maple Leafs in three games.

1939 – Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at Lincoln Memorial.

1940 – German cruiser Blucher torpedoed/capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die.

1940 – Germany invades Norway and Denmark during WW II (Denmark surrenders).

1941 – PGA establishes Golf Hall of Fame.

1942 – Battle of Bataan-US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japs at Bataan.

1944 – Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae.

1945 – Battleship Admiral Scheer sinks British aircraft carrier.

1945 – Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360.

1945 – NFL requires players to wear long stockings.

1945 – World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, in East Prussia, ends.

1946 – Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, four games to one.

1947 – Atomic Energy Commission confirmed.

1947 – Baseball suspends Brooklyn Dodger Leo Durocher for one year.

1947 – Tornadoes striking West Texas and Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300.

1948 – Massacre at Deir Yassin.

1949 – UN International Court of Justice held Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel and awards Britain damages.

1950 – 14th Golf Masters Championship: Jimmy Demaret wins, shooting a 283.

1950 – Fourth Tony Awards: “Cocktail Party” and “South Pacific” win.

1950 – Bob Hope’s first TV appearance.

1952 – Popular uprising in Bolivia.

1952 – Hugo Ballivian’s government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines.

1953 – TV Guide publishes first issue.

1953 – Jomo Kenyatta sentenced to seven years in Kenya.

1953 – Warner Brothers premieres the first 3-D film, entitled “House of Wax”.

1954 – WECT TV channel 6 in Wilmington, NC (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting.

1955 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1957 – Mathew James Bracken born.

1957 – Howard Hanson’s “Song of Democracy,” premieres in Washington DC.

1957 – Suez Canal cleared for all shipping.

1959 – Baltimore Orioles pull their second triple play (3-6-3 vs Washington Senators).

1959 – Bill Sharman hits a NBA record 56 consecutive foul shot.

1959 – NASA names first seven astronauts for Project Mercury.

1959 – 13th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics sweep Minn Lakers in four games Boston Celtics wins eighth straight title.

1960 – 14th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, four games to three.

1960 – South African premier Verwoerd wounded in battle.

1962 – 26th Golf Masters Championship: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 280.

1962 – 34th Academy Awards – “West Side Story,” Sophia Loren and Max Schell win.

1962 – JFK throws out first ball at Washington’s new DC Stadium.

1963 – Winston Churchill becomes first honorary US citizen (posthumously).

1965 – Beatles “Ticket to Ride” is released in UK.

1965 – India and Pakistan engage in border fight.

1965 – First game at Astrodome, Houston beats Yankees 2–1 in exhibition as Mickey Mantle hits first indoor homerun.

1966 – Anaheim Stadium for California Angels opens.

1966 – Sophia Loren marries married Carlo Ponti in Paris.

1967 – “At the Drop of Another Hat” closes at Booth NYC after 105 performances.

1967 – First Boeing 737 rolls out.

1967 – 31st Golf Masters Championship: Gay Brewer Jr wins, shooting a 280.

1967 – Shortwave broadcaster Radio NY Worldwide’s transmitter burns down.

1967 – The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.

1968 – German DR adopts constitution.

1968 – Martin Luther King Jr, buried in Atlanta.

1968 – Minn’s Wayne Connelly is first to score on a Stanley Cup penalty shot.

1968 – Ralph Aberbathy elected to head So Christian Leadership Conference.

1969 – First flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol).

1969 – Chicago Cub Billy Williams hits four consecutive doubles beat Phillies 11–3.

1970 – Paul McCartney announces official split of Beatles.

1971 – Ringo releases “It Don’t Come Easy” in UK.

1972 – “Sugar” opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 506 performances.

1972 – 36th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 286.

1972 – Glenn Turner (259) and Terry Jarvis make 387 opening cricket stand New Zealand v WI.

1972 – USSR and Iraq sign friendship treaty.

1973 – 37th Golf Masters Championship: Tommy Aaron wins, shooting a 283.

1973 – Netherlands recognizes North Vietnam.

1973 – Otto Kerner, former governor of Illinois, convicted for his role in an illegal racetrack scheme.

1974 – Padres owner Ray Kroc, addresses fans “Ladies and gentlemen, I suffer with you I’ve never seen such stupid baseball playing in my life” .

1976 – US and Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use.

1977 – Communist party in Spain allowed legally after 40 years.

1978 – 42nd Golf Masters Championship: Gary Player wins, shooting a 277.

1978 – Brewers sweep Orioles 11–3, 16–3, and 13–5 (each with a grand slam).

1978 – David Thompson scores ties third highest total in the NBA – 73.

1978 – Denver’s David Thompson scores 73 points and San Antonio’s George Gervin scores 63 points in separate NBA games (33 in one quarter).

1979 – 51st Academy Awards – “Deer Hunter,” Jon Voight and Jane Fonda win.

1979 – Longest doubles ping-pong match of 101 hours, begins.

1980 – Belgium’s Marten’s government resigns.

1980 – Soyuz 35 carries two cosmonauts to Salyut 6.

1981 – LA Dodgers Fernando Valenzuela’s first start, beats Astros 2–0.

1981 – US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru.

1982 – LA Lakers block 21 Denver shots setting NBA regulation game record.

1983 – Sixth Space Shuttle Mission – Challenger 1 returns to Earth.

1983 – Caps 2–Isles 6 – Patrick Semis – Denis Potvin fails on penalty shot.

1984 – 56th Academy Awards – “Terms of Endearment,” R. Duvall and S. Maclaine win.

1985 – White Sox pitcher Tom Seaver starts a record 15th opening day game.

1986 – “Dallas” announces it will revive killed Bobby Ewing character.

1987 – For third time, Wayne Gretzky, scores seven goals in a Stanley Cup game Wayne Gretzky passes Jean Beliveau as all time playoff scoring champ.

1988 – “Les Miserables,” opens at Umeda-Koma Theatre, Osaka.

1988 – Devils 3–0 over Islanders – Devils lead 2–1 in first round.

1988 – US imposes economic sanctions on Panama.

1989 – 53rd Golf Masters Championship: Nick Faldo wins, shooting a 283.

1989 – Mike Tyson strikes a parking attendant when asked to move his car.

1989 – Patti Rizzo wins LPGA Red Robin Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic.

1989 – Rickey Henderson steals his 800th career base in NY’s 4–3 loss to Cleveland.

1989 – Scott Hoch chokes on 18 inch putt and loses Masters golf tournament.

1989 – Washington DC march supporting 1973 Roe vs Wade decision (allow abortions).

1990 – “Capital News” starring Lloyd Bridges premieres on ABC-TV.

1990 – Don Mattingly signs a $19.7 million five-year contract with Yankees.

1990 – NY Islanders beat NY Rangers 4–3 in double overtime-Rangers lead 2–1.

1990 – World’s largest bunny hop at Radio City Music Hall (NYC).

1991 – Georgia SSR votes to secede from USSR.

1992 – “Redwood Curtain” opens at Neiderlander theater on Broadway.

1992 – Florida drops rape charges against NY Mets Gooden, Boston and Coleman.

1992 – John Majors, (C) elected PM of England.

1992 – Noriega convicted on eight of 10 drug and racketeering charges.

1992 – Record 18 golfers shoot in 60s in Masters round old (old record 12).

1992 – US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of drugs.

1992 – William O. Studeman, becomes deputy director of CIA.

1993 – Colorado Rockies first home game and first victory, 11–4 over Mont Expos.

1994 – BPAA US Open by Justin Hromek.

1994 – STS-59 (Endeavour) launches into orbit.

1994 – Singer Wayne Newton (52) weds attorney Kathleen McCrone (30).

1995 – “Translations” closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 25 performances.

1995 – 59th Golf Masters Championship: Ben Crenshaw wins, shooting a 274.

1997 – Cleveland Indians closer Jose Mesa found guilty of rape.

1997 – Major League Soccer announces Miami and Chicago expansion.

1997 – NFL announces it will give $3m to CFL and possible “World Classic Bowl” .

1999 – Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger, is assassinated.

2000 – 64th Golf Masters Championship.

2002 – The funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey.

2003 – Baghdad falls to US forces resulting in widespread looting.

2005 – His Royal Highness Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles.