Important events for November 11

308 – The Congress of Carnuntum: attempting to keep peace within the Roman Empire, the leaders of the Tetrarchy declare Maxentius and Licinius to be Augusti, while rival contender Constantine I is declared Caesar of Britain and Gaul.

537 – St Silverius ends his reign as Catholic Pope.

887 – Parliament in Tribur: King Charles III resigns.

1158 – Emperor Frederik I Barbarossa declares himself ruler of North Italy.

1208 – Otto van Wittelsbach chosen German king.

1215 – Fourth Lateran Council (12th ecumenical council) opens in Rome.

1417 – Oddo Colonna elected as Pope Martinus V.

1493 – Columbus discovers Saba.

1500 – Treaty of Granada: France and Aragon divide Naples.

1503 – Pope Julius II elected.

1572 – Duke of Alva’s son Don Fredrik begins siege for Haarlem.

1606 – Turkey and Austria sign Treaty of Zsitva-Torok.

1620 – 41 pilgrims land in Mass, sign Mayflower Compact (just and equal laws).

1640 – John Pym, earl of Strafford locked in Tower of London.

1647 – Massachusetts passes first US compulsory school attendance law.

1648 – Dutch and French agree to divide St Maarten, Leeward Islands.

1671 – Dutch States-General forbids importation of French wine.

1673 – Second Battle of Khotyn in the Ukraine, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth forces under the command of Jan Sobieski. defeat the Ottoman army. In this battle, rockets of Kazimierz Siemienowicz were successfully used.

1675 – Gottfried Leibniz demonstrated integral calculus for the first time to find the area under the graph of y = f(x) function.

1688 – Prince Willem III’s invasion fleet sails to England.

1714 – A highway in Bronx is laid out, later renamed East 233rd Street.

1724 – Joseph Blake, alias Blueskin, a highwayman known for attacking “Thief-Taker General” (and thief) Jonathan Wild at the Old Bailey, is hanged in London.

1725 – Georg F. Handel’s opera “Tamerlano,” premieres in London.

1745 – Bonnie Prince Charlies army enters England.

1750 – The F.H.C. Society, also known as the Flat Hat Club, was formed at Raleigh Tavern, Williamsburg, Virginia. It was the first college fraternity.

1752 – Theresianische Military Academy opens in Vienna.

1778 – Iroquois Indians in NY kill 40 in Cherry Valley Massacre.

1790 – Chrysanthemums are introduced into England from China.

1805 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Dürenstein – 8000 French troops attempted to slow the retreat of a vastly superior Russian and Austrian force.

1811 – Cartagena Colombia declares independence from Spain.

1813 – Dresden surrenders to allied armies.

1836 – Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru.

1838 – Emma Wedgwood accepts Charles Darwins marriage proposal.

1839 – The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia.

1851 – Alvan Clark patents telescope.

1860 – First Jewish wedding in Buenos Aires Argentina.

1862 – Opera “La Forza Del Destino” is produced (St Petersburg Russia).

1864 – Sherman’s troops destroy Rome, Georgia.

1864 – Skirmish at Shoal Creek, AL.

1865 – Mary Edward Walker, First Army female surgeon, awarded Medal of Honor.

1865 – Thomas Robertsons “Society,” premieres in London.

1865 – Treaty of Sinchula is signed in which Bhutan ceded the areas east of the Teesta River to the British East India Company.

1868 – First American amateur track and field meet (NYC).

1880 – Australian Bushranger Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol.

1887 – Anarchist Haymarket Martyrs August Spies, Albert Parsons, Adolph Fischer and George Engel are executed.

1887 – Construction of the Manchester Ship Canal starts at Eastham.

1889 – Washington admitted as 42nd state.

1890 – D. McCree patents portable fire escape.

1895 – Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony.

1896 – Jules Vandenpeereboom becomes Belgium’s minister of War.

1899 – Stuart/Rubens/Boyd-Jones’ “Floradora,” premieres in London.

1901 – Maurice Ravel composition “Jeux d’eau” premieres.

1906 – Ethel Smyth’ “Standrecht,” premieres in Leipzig.

1909 – Construction of navy base at Pearl Harbor begins.

1909 – J. M. Synge’s “Tinker’s Wedding,” premieres in London.

1911 – Many cities in the U.S. Midwest broke their record highs and lows on the same day as a strong cold front rolls through.

1918 – Dutch SDAP leader Troelstra announces revolution.

1918 – Emperor Charles I of Austria abdicates.

1918 – Poland declares independence.

1918 – Armistice Day – WW I ends (at 11 AM on Western Front).

1918 – Germany surrenders ending WW I, Allies and Germany sign armistice.

1919 – Pope Benedictus XV states Roman Catholics political/business views.

1921 – Pres Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier (Arlington Cemetary).

1922 – Largest US flag displayed (150' x 90') expanded in 1939 (270' x 90').

1923 – Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph.

1924 – Martin Beck Theater opens at 302 W 45th St NYC.

1924 – Palace of Legion of Honor dedicated (SF).

1925 – Earnest Thalmann becomes chairman of German KPD.

1925 – Louis Armstrong records first of Hot Five and Hot Seven recordings.

1925 – Night of Kersten – Colijn Dutch govt falls by SGP-amendement.

1925 – Robert Millikan announces discovery of cosmic rays.

1926 – Eddie Collins is released as White Sox manager.

1926 – U.S. Route 66 is established.

1928 – France’s fifth govt of Poincaré forms.

1928 – KXO-AM in El Centro CA begins radio transmissions.

1928 – WGL-AM in Ft Wayne IN begins radio transmissions.

1928 – WMT-AM in Cedar Rapids IA begins radio transmissions.

1928 – WOL-AM in Washington DC begins radio transmissions.

1930 – Patent number US1781541 was awarded to Albert Einstein and Leó Szilárd for their invention, the Einstein refrigerator.

1931 – Cornerstones laid for Opera House & Veteran’s Building.

1933 – “Great Black Blizzard” first great dust storm in Great Plains.

1934 – First penalty shot vs Toronto Maple Leafs, Mondou (Mont) unsuccessful.

1934 – WOC-AM in Davenport Iowa splits from WHO-WOC & becomes KICK-AM.

1935 – Explorer 2 balloon sets altitude record of 72,000 feet over SD.

1937 – Messerschmidt ME-109V13 flies world record 610.4kph.

1937 – Nobel prize for physics awarded to C. J. Davisson and G. P. Thomson.

1938 – German and Austrian Jewish suffer one billion Mark damage in Nazi Germany.

1938 – Kristallnacht; Jews forced to wear Star of David.

1939 – Mary Elizabeth Bracken born.

1939 – Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin’s “God Bless America” .

1940 – 1,000s Paris students lay wreath at Grave of Unknown Soldier.

1940 – Blizzard strikes midwestern US killing over 100.

1940 – British air attack destroys half of Italian fleet.

1940 – Willys unveiled its General Purpose vehicle ("Jeep” ).

1941 – Czech premier general Eliasj arrested by Nazis.

1942 – Last German offensive in Stalingrad.

1942 – 745 French Jews deported to Auschwitz.

1942 – During WW II Germany completes their occupation of France.

1942 – Jews in Free Zone of France ordered to wear yellow Star of David.

1942 – Lt-general Kumakashi Harada becomes Japanese commander on Java.

1942 – Transport number 45 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany.

1943 – Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; Stan Musial wins NL MVP.

1943 – US air raid on Rabaul.

1944 – NY Rangers set NHL record of 25 games without a win (0-21-4).

1946 – NY Knicks’ first game at Madison Square Garden loses 78–68 to Chicago Stags.

1949 – WTTV TV channel 4 in Bloomington-Indianapol, IN (IND) first broadcast.

1953 – Jimmy Dykes succeeds Marty Marion as Baltimore Orioles manager.

1957 – Demolition begins on cable car barn at Calif and Hyde (SF).

1958 – “La Plume de Ma Tante” opens at Royale Theater NYC for 835 performances.

1958 – AL announces Kansas City will play AL record 52 night games in 1959.

1959 – First episode of “Rocky and His Friends” airs.

1959 – Seals Stadium in San Francisco, demolished.

1960 – Largest NY Knick 49th St MSG crowd – 18,499.

1961 – Congolese soldiers murder 13 Italian UN pilots.

1961 – Molotov, Malenkov and Kaganovitsj kicked out of Russia’s communist party.

1961 – Stalingrad renamed Volgograd.

1962 – Kuwait’s National Assembly ratifies the Constitution of Kuwait.

1963 – Brian Epstein and Ed Sullivan sign a three show contract for Beatles.

1963 – Gordie Howe ties Rocket Richard’s lifetime 544 goal record.

1964 – Murray Schisgal’s “Luv,” premieres in NYC.

1965 – Heavyweight Cassius Clay KOs Floyd Patterson in Las Vegas.

1965 – Rhodesia proclaimed independence from Britain by PM Ian D. Smith.

1965 – William Alfred’s “Hogan’s Goat,” premieres in NYC.

1966 – Gemini 12 (Lovell & Aldrin) launched on four-day flight.

1966 – Methodist Church and Evangelical United Brethren Church unite as United Methodist Church.

1968 – John Lennon and Yoko Ono appear nude on cover of “2 Virgins” album.

1968 – Maldives (in Indian Ocean) become a republic.

1968 – Ron Hill sets record 10-mile run (46:44) at Leicester England.

1969 – Beatles with Billy Preston release “Get Back” in UK.

1969 – Jim Morrison arrested on an airplane by FBI for drunkeness.

1970 – Balt Oriole Boog Powell wins AL MVP.

1971 – Man-made earthslide at Kawasaki Japan, kills 15.

1971 – Neil Simons “Prisoner of Second Avenue,” premieres in NYC.

1972 – Dow Jones Index moves above 1,000 for first time.

1972 – US Army turns over Long Bihn base to South Vietnamese army.

1975 – Angola gains independence from Portugal (National Day).

1975 – Australian PM removed by crown (first elected PM removed in 200 years).

1977 – Wings release “Mull of Kintyre” & “Girl’s School” .

1978 – Maumoon Abdul Gayoom becomes president of Maldives.

1979 – Boston Court issues occupancy permit for Cambridge Buddhist Center.

1980 – Crew of Soyuz 35 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 37.

1980 – Islander’s Mike Bossy scores four goals against North Stars.

1981 – “Oh, Brother!” closes at ANTA Theater NYC after three performances.

1981 – Fernando Valenzuela is first rookie ever to win a Cy Young Award.

1982 – 30th time Islanders shut-out-2–0 vs North Stars.

1982 – Fifth space shuttle mission – Columbia 5 – launched first commercial flight.

1982 – Gas explosion in Israeli army headquarters by Tyrus; kills 60.

1982 – Joe Altobelli succeeds retiring Earl Weaver as Oriole manager.

1982 – Solidarity leader Lech Walesa is let out of jail in Poland.

1983 – First US cruise missiles arrive in Great Britain.

1983 – President Reagan became first US pres to address Japan’s legislature.

1983 – Wayne Phillips scores 159 on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan at WACA.

1984 – “3 Musketeers” opens at Broadway Theater NYC for nine performances.

1985 – First AIDS theme TV movie – “An Early Frost” .

1985 – Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB.

1985 – Yonkers is found guilty of segregating schools and housing.

1986 – Houston’s Astro Mike Scott (18–10) wins NL Cy Young Award.

1986 – Suriname government proclaims gold purification.

1987 – “Roza” closes at Royale Theater NYC after 12 performances.

1987 – Judge Anthony M. Kennedy nominated to Supreme Court.

1987 – Moscow party secretary Boris Jerusalem resigns.

1987 – Roger Clemens wins consecutive Cy Young Awards.

1987 – Van Gogh’s “Irises” sells for record $53.6m at auction.

1988 – Oldest known insect fossils (390 million years) reported in Science.

1989 – “Prince of Central Park” closes at Belasco Theater NYC after four performances.

1989 – Sam’s Town Bowling Invitational won by Tish Johnson.

1990 – “Shadowlands” opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 169 performances.

1990 – California’s Chuck Finley and Seattle’s Randy Johnson combine to pitch a no-hitter in exhibition game between US and Japanese all-star teams.

1992 – Anglican Church and Church of England OK female priests.

1993 – Pope John Paul II hospitalized for two days for fractured shoulder.

1994 – Bill Gates buys Leonardo da Vinci’s “Codex” for $30,800,000.

1994 – Progress M-25 launched to space station Mir.

1996 – Braves John Smoltz wins NL Cy Young Award.

1997 – CBS News anchor Dan Rather has renewed his contract to 2002.

1997 – Roger Clemens wins his fourth AL Cy Young Award.

1997 – WNBA expands to Detroit and Washington DC.

2000 – In Kaprun, Austria, 155 skiers and snowboarders die when a cable car catches fire in an alpine tunnel.

2001 – Journalists Pierre Billaud, Johanne Sutton and Volker Handloik are killed in Afghanistan during an attack on the convoy they were traveling on top off.

2004 – New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior dedicated at the National War Memorial, Wellington.

2004 – Yasser Arafat is confirmed dead by the Palestine Liberation Organization, of unidentified causes. Mahmoud Abbas is elected chairman of the PLO minutes later.

2006 – The New Zealand war memorial monument was unveiled by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II in London, United Kingdom, commemorating the loss of soldiers from the New Zealand Army and the British Army.

2008 – The RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 (QE2) set sail on her final voyage to Dubai.