Important events for April 25

1185 – Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family.

1449 – Anti-pope Felix V resigns.

1507 – Geographer Martin Waldseemuller first used name America.

1541 – Liege flooded after heavy down pour.

1604 – Count Maurits’ army lands at Cadzand.

1607 – Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish/Portuguese fleet.

1614 – Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms.

1626 – Battle at the Dessauer bridge: Monarch Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Earl of Mansfeld.

1660 – London Convention Parliament begins.

1660 – Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II.

1678 – French troops conquer Ypres.

1684 – Patent granted for thimble.

1707 – Battle of Almansa-Franco-Spanish forces defeat Anglo-Portuguese.

1719 – Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe.

1747 – Prince Willem V appointed viceroy of Zealand.

1792 – Guillotine first used, executes highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier.

1829 – Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.

1846 – Thornton Affair: open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican-American War.

1849 – The Governor-General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal’s English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.

1850 – Paul Julius Reuter, uses 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices.

1859 – Ground broken for Suez Canal.

1861 – Seventh NY arrives to reinforce Washington, DC.

1861 – Battle of Lavaca, TX.

1861 – American Civil War: The Union Army arrives in Washington, D.C.

1862 – Battle of New Orleans LA – US Admiral Farragut occupies New Orleans.

1864 – Battle of Marks’ Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition).

1867 – Tokyo opens for foreign trade.

1875 – Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3" ).

1876 – Chicago Cubs first NL game, beats Louisville 4–0 (first NL shutout).

1881 – 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany.

1881 – French troops occupy Algeria and Tunisia.

1886 – Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna.

1891 – President Benjamin Harrison visits SF.

1896 – Fight in Central Dance Hall starts fire (Cripple Creek Colorado).

1896 – Sidney Jones and Harry Greenbacks musical premieres in London.

1898 – Spanish-American War: The United States declares war on Spain.

1901 – Erve Beck hits American League’s first home run.

1901 – New York becomes first state requiring auto license plates ($1 fee).

1901 – In last of ninth, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13–4, score 10 runs to win one of greatest comebacks in baseball (first game in Detroit).

1902 – Erwin Harvey becomes first Cleveland ballplayer (Cleveland Bronchos) to have six hits in one game.

1904 – NY Yankee Jack Chesbro’s first of 41 wins this year.

1905 – Latest day of First-Class cricket in an Australian season (NSW v Qld).

1905 – Whites win right to vote in South Africa.

1915 – 78,000 ANZAC troops land at Gallipoli.

1925 – Paul von Hindenburg elected president of Germany.

1926 – Giacomo Puccini’s opera “Turandot,” premieres in Milan.

1926 – Persian cossack officer Reza Chan crowns himself Shah Palawi.

1927 – Spain routes 20,000 soldiers to Morocco (uprising Rifkabylen).

1928 – Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes first guide dog for the blind.

1932 – Rose Franken’s “Another Language,” premieres in NYC.

1933 – NY Yankee Russ Van Atta shuts out Washington Senators 16–0.

1933 – US and Canada drop Gold Standard.

1941 – Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta.

1942 – Luftwaffe bombs Bath.

1943 – The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket is instituted.

1944 – United Negro College Fund incorporates.

1945 – 45 countries convene UN Conference on Intl Organization in SF.

1945 – Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java.

1945 – British troops reach Grebbe line Neth.

1945 – Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany’s final transmission.

1945 – Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany.

1945 – Red army completely surrounds Berlin.

1945 – US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau Germany on Elbe River.

1946 – “Exposition Flyer” rammed at Napierville Illinois, killing 48.

1946 – Christopher Fry’s “Phoenix too Frequent,” premieres in London.

1947 – Lou Thesz beats Whipper Watson in St Louis, to become wrestling champ.

1947 – Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins.

1949 – Friedrich Durrenmatt’s “Romulus der Grosse,” premieres in Basel.

1949 – Michael Brown, rocker (Left Bank – Don’t Walk Away Renee).

1950 – Ambon (proclaims RMS (Republik Maluku Selatan).

1950 – Chuck Cooper becomes first black to play in NBA.

1952 – Sixth NBA Championship: Minneapolis Lakers beat NY Knicks, four games to three.

1952 – American Bowling Congress approves use of an automatic pinsetter.

1952 – German “Country” Bathe-Wurttemberg forms.

1953 – Scientists identify DNA.

1954 – Bell labs announces first solar battery (NYC).

1954 – British raid Nairobi Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested).

1954 – US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island atmospher.

1954 – WDEF TV channel 12 in Chattanooga, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting.

1955 – Elizabeth Louise Bracken born.

1956 – Elvis Presley’s “Heartbreak Hotel” goes number 1.

1956 – Noel Coward’s musical “South Sea Bubble,” premieres in London.

1957 – First experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated.

1957 – Ibrahim Hashim forms Jordanian govt.

1957 – WUHY TV channel 35 in Philadelphia, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting.

1959 – St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping.

1960 – First submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed (Triton).

1961 – “Young Abe Lincoln” opens at Eugene O’Neill Theater NYC for 27 performances.

1961 – France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria.

1961 – Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin.

1961 – Premier Moise Tsjombe of Katanga arrested in Congo.

1961 – Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit.

1961 – Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad.

1962 – Cleveland sends Harry Chiti to Mets for a player to be named later on.

1962 – Lion and Tiger Veldt at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is dedicated.

1962 – US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on Moon.

1962 – US resumes above ground nuclear testing, at Christmas Island.

1964 – Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3.

1965 – 19th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 1.

1965 – Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Pensacola Golf Invitational.

1966 – Drunk driver kills 10 children in Asse Belgium.

1966 – The city of Tashkent is destroyed by a huge earthquake.

1967 – Abortion legalized in Colorado.

1967 – Britain grants internal self-government to Swaziland.

1967 – Jules Feiffer’s “Little Murders,” premieres in NYC.

1968 – “Half a Sixpence” opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 512 performances.

1969 – BBC Radio serial “Dales” 5,400th and last episode.

1970 – “Park” closes at John Golden Theater NYC after five performances.

1970 – Freda Payne releases “Band of Gold” .

1970 – Melanie releases “Lay Down” .

1971 – About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington.

1971 – Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Burdine’s Golf Invitational.

1971 – US canal rights in Nicaragua and rights to Corn Islands expire.

1971 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.

1972 – Hans-Werner Grosse glides 907.7 miles (1,461km) in an AS-W-12.

1973 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1974 – Leo Tindemans forms Belgium govt.

1974 – Marcello Caetano overthrown in Portugal (Carnation revolution).

1974 – NFL moves goal posts and adopts sudden-death playoff.

1975 – First Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao.

1975 – Mario Soares’ Socialist Party wins Portugal’s free election.

1975 – USSR performs underground nuclear test.

1975 – West German embassy blown-up in Stockholm Sweden.

1976 – Elections in Vietnam for a National Assembly to reunite the country.

1976 – India all out for 97 v West Indies.

1976 – Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic.

1976 – Portugal adopts constitution.

1976 – Cub centerfielder Rick Monday rescues US flag from two fans trying to set it on fire.

1977 – Cin Reds tie record of 12 runs in fifth inning beating Braves 23–9.

1977 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.

1978 – Phillie Phanatic makes first appearance.

1978 – Supreme Court rules pension plans can’t require women to pay more.

1979 – “Rock ’n Roll High Schools” premieres.

1979 – Peace treaty between Israel and Egypt goes into effect.

1980 – A’s manager Billy Martin restrained by umps from attacking a fan.

1980 – Announcement of Jimmy Carter hostage rescue bungle in Iran.

1980 – Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Wayne Webb.

1980 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.

1981 – Maureen Reagan (40) marries third husband, Dennis Revell (28).

1981 – Mariners manager Maury Wills is suspended for two games after ordering Seattle’s grounds crew to enlarge batter’s boxes by one foot.

1981 – More than 100 workers are exposed to radiation during repairs of a nuclear power plant in Tsuruga, Japan.

1982 – Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1982 – In accordance with Camp David, Israel completes Sinai withdrawal.

1982 – Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Orlando Lady Golf Classic.

1982 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.

1982 – Yanks fire manager Bob Lemon and replaces him with Gene Michael.

1983 – “Nightline” expands from half an hour to a full hour.

1983 – France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island.

1983 – Portugal’s Soares’ Partido Socialista wins parliamentary election.

1983 – Yuri Andropov invites US schoolgirl Samantha Smith to USSR.

1983 – Pioneer 10 travels beyond Pluto’s orbit.

1984 – Rock group Wings disbands.

1984 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.

1985 – “Big River” opens at Eugene O’Neill Theater NYC for 1,005 performances.

1985 – Flyers 2-Isles 6-Patrick Div Finals-Flyers hold 3–1 lead.

1985 – For second time, Wayne Gretzky, scores seven goals in a Cup game.

1985 – Roger Miller’s musical “Big River,” premieres in NYC.

1985 – West German Parliament ruled it illegal to deny the holocaust.

1986 – ETA bomb attacks Madrid killing five.

1986 – Mswati III is crowned King of Swaziland, succeeding his father Sobhuza II.

1988 – “Nightline” goes on location to Jerusalem Israel.

1988 – John Demjanjuk (Ivan the Terrible), sentenced to death in Jerusalem.

1988 – NASA launches space vehicle S-211.

1989 – Mike Tyson gets a speeding ticket for drag racing in Albany NY.

1989 – Penguin Mario Lemuix ties NHL playoff record of four goals in first period.

1990 – 25th Academy of Country Music Awards: Clint Black and Kathy Mattea win.

1990 – Hubble space telescope is placed into orbit by shuttle Discovery.

1990 – Violeta Barrios de Chamorro begins a six year term as Nicaragua’s president.

1991 – “Grand Hotel” closes at Beck Theater NYC after 1,018 performances.

1991 – Designer Mary McFadden (52) announces divorce of Kohie Yohannan (23).

1991 – Lisa Olson brings suit against NFL NE Patriots for sexual harassment.

1991 – Lucy Simon and Marsha Norman’s musical premieres in NYC.

1992 – “Shimada” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after four performances.

1992 – Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Marc McDowell.

1993 – “Blood Brothers” opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 839 performances.

1993 – Russia elect Boris Yeltsin leader.

1994 – 14" of snow in Southern California.

1994 – Bomb attack on taxi stand in Johannesburg, 10 killed.

1994 – Fishing boat with school children capsize at Lanaka Syria, 46 killed.

1994 – King Azlan Shah of Malaysia resigns.

1994 – Mexican businessman and billionaire Angel Losada kidnap.

1994 – Tsutomu Hata elected premier of Japan.

1995 – “Month in the Country” opens at Roundabout Theater NYC for 79 performances.

1995 – 16th Emmy Sports Award presentation.

1996 – “Bring in Da Noise, Bring in Da Funk,” opens at Ambassador Theater NYC.

1997 – Seattle Mariner Ken Griffey Jr hits his 250th HR.

2005 – The final piece of the Obelisk of Axum is returned to Ethiopia after being stolen by the invading Italian army in 1937.

2005 – Bulgaria and Romania sign accession treaties to join the European Union.

2005 – 107 die in Amagasaki rail crash in Japan.

2007 – Boris Yeltsin’s funeral – the first to be sanctioned by the Russian Orthodox Church for a head of state since the funeral of Emperor Alexander III in 1894.