Important events for January 11

314 – St Militiades ends his reign as Catholic Pope.

532 – Nika-revolt against Justianus and Theodora in Hippodrome Constantinople.

1055 – Theodora is crowned Empress of the Byzantine Empire.

1158 – Vladislav II of Bohemia becomes king.

1558 – Westmunster Church in Middelburg destroyed by heavy storm.

1569 – First recorded lottery in England is drawn in St Paul’s Cathedral.

1599 – Jacob van Necks fleet leaves Bantam Java with pepper, clove and muskaat.

1642 – Isaac Newton is elected a member of Royal Society.

1693 – Mt Etna, Sicily erupts.

1709 – Colley Cibber’s “Rival Fools,” premieres in London.

1753 – Ferdinand VI of Spain and Pope Benedictus XIV sign concord.

1758 – Russian troops occupy Königsberg, East-Prussia.

1759 – First American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia.

1765 – Frisia bans Voltaires “Traité sur la tolérance” .

1774 – Messier adds M51 (spiral galaxy in Canes Venatici) to his catalog.

1775 – Francis Salvador becomes first Jew elected to office in America (SC).

1779 – Ching-Thang Khomba is crowned King of Manipur.

1785 – Continental Congress convenes in NYC.

1787 – Titania and Oberon, moons of Uranus, discovered by William Herschel.

1790 – Statisten and Vonckisten unite as Belgium.

1794 – Robert Forsythe, a U.S. Marshal is killed in Augusta, Georgia when trying to serve court papers, the first US Marshal to die while carrying out his duties.

1803 – Monroe and Livingston sail for Paris to buy New Orleans; they buy LA.

1805 – Michigan Territory organizes.

1813 – First pineapples planted in Hawaii.

1839 – Earthquake at Martinique destroys half of Port Royal – 700 die.

1861 – Alabama becomes fourth state to secede.

1861 – Mexico City captured by Juarez (Lib) in War of Reform.

1861 – Alabama secedes from the United States.

1863 – Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama and USS Hatteras.

1863 – Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas.

1864 – Charing Cross Station opens in London.

1865 – Battle of Beverly, WV.

1866 – Steamship London sinks in storm off Land’s End England, kills 220.

1867 – Benito Juárez becomes the Mexican president again.

1873 – First livestock market newspaper published, Drover’s Journal, Chicago.

1879 – Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins.

1885 – Henrik Ibsen’s “Vildauden,” premieres in Oslo.

1892 – Hawaiian Historical Society founded.

1892 – Paul Gauguin marries a 13-year-old Tahitian girl.

1892 – William D. McCoy of Indiana appointed US minister to Liberia.

1893 – Jaap Eden skates world record 1500m (2:35).

1897 – M. H. Cannon becomes first woman state senator in US (Utah).

1904 – Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, begin uprising.

1913 – First sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show (NYC).

1913 – Bread and Roses Strike begins.

1915 – Col Jacob Ruppert and Col Tillinghast Huston purchase Yanks for $460,000.

1916 – French troops capture/Serbian army flees to Corfu.

1917 – Guy Bolton and P. G. Wodehouse’s “Have a Heart,” premieres in NYC.

1919 – Three-year-old German communist party (Spartacus) crushed.

1919 – Romania annexes Transylvania.

1920 – French passenger ship Afrique sinks near La Rochelle; 553 die.

1922 – Insulin first used to treat diabetes (Leonard Thompson, 14, of Canada).

1923 – First Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg and Kurt Schwitters).

1923 – French and Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations.

1925 – Franc B. Kellogg replaces Charles Hughes on as US Secretary of State.

1927 – Royale Theater (Golden, CBS Radio Playhouse) opens at 242 W 45th NYC.

1935 – Amelia Earhart flies from Honolulu to Oakland Ca.

1936 – Charles Anderson enters Kentucky House of Representatives.

1938 – Bradman scores a second innings 113 v Queensland after 100 in the first.

1938 – Frances Moulton elected first woman president of a US national bank.

1940 – Sergei Prokofiev’s ballet Romeo & Juliet premieres in Leningrad.

1941 – Princess Irene Brigade established in Congleton.

1942 – –23°F (–31°C), Kingston, Rhode Island (state record).

1942 – Japan conquers Kuala Lumpur, Malaya.

1943 – US and Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China.

1944 – Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established.

1946 – Bert Bell becomes second NFL commissioner, moves Chicago HQ to Phila.

1946 – Enver Hoxha declares People’s Republic of Albania with himself dictator.

1949 – Jane Ballard Bracken born.

1949 – Snowfall first recorded in Los Angeles.

1952 – Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Marianne Moore.

1953 – J. Edgar Hoover declines six figure offer to become President of International Boxing Club.

1954 – Two ton locomotive swept into ravine by avalanche 10 die (Austria).

1957 – The African Convention is founded in Dakar.

1957 – Mass-murderer Jack Gilbert Graham is executed via the Gas Chamber.

1959 – Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Theodore Roethke.

1959 – Hanif Mohammad completes 499 for Karachi, first class world record.

1959 – Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Mayfair Golf Open.

1959 – NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 28-21.

1960 – Chad declares independence from France.

1960 – Lamar Clark sets pro boxing record of 44 consecutive knockouts.

1961 – Racial riot at University of Georgia.

1962 – Volcano Huascaran in Peru, erupts; 4,000 die.

1963 – First discotheque opens, Whiskey-a-go-go in LA.

1963 – Beatles release “Please Please Me” and “Ask Me Why” .

1964 – “She Loves Me” closes at Eugene O’Neill Theater NYC after 302 performances.

1964 – First government report warning smoking may be hazardous to one’s health.

1964 – Beatles “I Want to Hold Your Hand” is number 80 in US (Cashbox).

1964 – Panama ends diplomatic relations with US.

1964 – US Surgeon General Luther Terry reports that smoking may be hazardous.

1966 – “Daktari” African adventure series premieres on CBS TV.

1966 – 550 die in landslides in mountains behind Rio de Janeiro after rain.

1967 – Romeinse Curie installs Council for Pontifical Study commission.

1968 – Explorer 36 (GEOS-B) launched into earth orbit (1080/1570 km).

1969 – “Hooked on a Feeling” by B. J. Thomas peaks at number 5.

1969 – Jethro Tull’s This Was Jethro Tull album debuts.

1970 – Superbowl IV: KC Chiefs beat Minn Vikings, 23–7 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Len Dawson, Kansas City, QB.

1971 – First “Quickie” Divorce granted in UK.

1971 – Tigers ace reliever John Hiller, 27, sufferes a heart attack, but later makes a remarkable comeback to record 38 saves.

1972 – East-Pakistan becomes independent state of Bangladesh.

1972 – Abu Sayeed Chudhury becomes president and Sheik Mujib ur-Rahman premier.

1973 – American League adopts designated hitter rule.

1973 – Famous victory at the SCG Pakistan chasing 158 all out 106.

1973 – Trial of Watergate burglars begins in Washington DC.

1974 – ABC airs final episode of “Love, American Style” .

1975 – Soyuz 17 carries two cosmonauts to space station Salyut 4.

1976 – “Pacific Overtures” opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 193 performances.

1976 – Dorothy Hamill wins her thirrd consec national figure skating champions.

1976 – Military coup in Ecuador, Pres Guillermo Lara leaves.

1976 – Stephen Sondheim’s musical “Pacific Overtures,” premieres in NYC.

1976 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Dorothy Hamill.

1976 – US male Figure Skating championship won by Terry Kubicka.

1977 – Bollingen Prize awarded to David Ignatow.

1977 – Cubs trade outfielder Rick Monday to Dodgers for Bill Buckner.

1977 – France releases Abu Daoud, a Palestinian suspected of involvement in massacre of Israeli athletes at 1972 Munich Olympics.

1978 – Gov Askew dedicates RCUC solar office building.

1978 – Soyuz 27 links with Salyut 6 and Soyuz 26 (first time three spacecraft link).

1979 – “Grand Tour” opens at Palace Theater NYC for 61 performances.

1980 – Debut of Pretenders.

1981 – “Tintypes” closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 93 performances.

1981 – Palau adopts constitution.

1981 – British team led by Ranulph Fiennes completes longest and fastest crossing of Antarctica, reaching Scott base after 75 days (2,500 miles).

1982 – Atlanta Ga’s temperature goes below zero F.

1982 – Honduras adopts constitution.

1983 – Billy Martin named NY Yankee manager for third time.

1984 – Denver Nuggets 163, San Antonio Spurs 155 – highest-scoring NBA game.

1984 – STS 41-B vehicle moves to launch pad.

1984 – Supreme Court reinstated $10m award to Karen Silkwood’s family.

1986 – First black Lt Gov since reconstruction sworn in (Douglas Wilder of Va).

1987 – Largest crowd (76,633) at NFL NY Giant Stadium (beat Wash 17–0).

1988 – Test debut of Phil Simmons, WI v India, Madras.

1988 – USSR announces it will participate in Seoul Summer Olympics.

1989 – 140 nations agree to ban chemical weapons (poison gas, etc).

1989 – Denver Nuggets’ rookie Jerome Lane misses seven free throws in a game against Milwaukee, one missed by two feet.

1989 – Kindergarten student caught with loaded handgun at Bronx school.

1990 – 200,000 demand return of Lithuania’s independence.

1990 – Actor Joseph Cotton undergoes vocal cancer operation at 84.

1990 – Bobby Knight becomes basketball’s Big 10 winningest coach (229).

1990 – Pat Lafontaine sets NY Islander record of scoring goals in 11 straight.

1991 – Congress empowers Bush to order attack on Iraq.

1991 – Ric Flair wins NWA/WCW wrestling title.

1991 – Soviets storm buildings in Vilnius to block Lithuania independence.

1991 – Ben Johnson first race after being stripped of his 1988 Olympic Gold medal for steroid use, he finished second.

1992 – Algeria’s President Chadli announces his resignation.

1992 – Paul Simon opens a tour in South Africa.

1992 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Kristi Yamaguchi.

1993 – Howard Stern’s radio show begins transmitting to Buffalo NY (WKBW).

1993 – Independent presidential candidate Ross Perot publicly returns to politics.

1994 – Hyderabad score six for 944 against Andhra Pradesh in Ranji Trophy.

1994 – Irish govt announces end of a 20-year broadcasting ban on IRA.

1995 – Fifth TV network (WB) Warner Brothers begins (WPIX-TV in NYC).

1995 – Birmingham Barracudas granted CFL franchise.

1995 – DC-9 crashes near Maria La Baya, Colombia: 51 die, nine-year-old girl lives.

1995 – NHLPA and owners agree to end NHL strike.

1996 – Space Shuttle STS 72 (Endeavour 10), launches into space.

1996 – Haiti becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.

1997 – 23rd People’s Choice Awards: Bill Cosby wins.

1997 – Martina Hingis beats Jennifer Capriati at Sydney Tennis Intl.

1997 – Telstar 401 Satellite Fails.

1998 – “Proposals,” closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 76 performances.

1998 – 24th Annual People’s Choice Awards – Seinfeld, Tim Allen win.

1998 – AFC Championship: Denver Broncos beat Pitt Steelers 24-21.

1998 – NFC Championship: Green Bay Packers beat SF 49’ers 23-10.

1998 – US female Figure Skating championship won by Michelle Kwan.

1998 – Sidi-Hamed massacre takes place in Algeria, over 100 people are killed.