Important events for August 5

135 – Betar last outpost of Bar Kochba falls to Rome.

642 – Battle of Maserfield – Penda of Mercia defeats and kills Oswald of Bernicia.

910 – The last major Viking army to raid England is defeated at the Battle of Tettenhall by the allied forces of Mercia and Wessex, led by King Edward and Earl Aethelred.

1071 – Emperor Romanos IV Diogenes captured/Islam advances through Europe.

1100 – Henry I is crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.

1264 – Anti-Jewish riots break out in Arnstadt Germany.

1305 – William Wallace, who led Scottish resistance to England, is captured by the English near Glasgow and transported to London for trial and execution.

1388 – Battle of Otterburn, a border skirmish between the Scottish and the English in Northern England.

1391 – Castilian sailors fire attack Jewish ghetto of Barcelona, 100s killed.

1391 – Jews are massacred in Toledo and Barcelona Spain.

1399 – Battle at Worskla: Tataren beat Russians & Litouwers

1420 – Duke John VI of Bavaria visits “Christ’s bride”/virgin Liduina.

1435 – Battle at Ponza: king Alfonso V of Aragon captured by Genuezen.

1543 – French and Turkish troops occupy Nice.

1583 – Gilbert claims Newfoundland (first English colony in North America).

1587 – Spanish troops conquer Lock.

1654 – French troops occupy Stenay.

1666 – English fleet beats Dutch under Michiel the Ruyter.

1667 – State of Holland obtain Eternal Edict.

1689 – 1,500 Iroquois attack the village of Lachine, in New France.

1716 – Battle at Peterwardein: Eugenius van Savoye beats Turks.

1716 – The Battle of Petrovaradin takes place.

1745 – Skirmish at Laggan: Glengarry beats Royal Scots.

1763 – Pontiac’s War: Battle of Bushy Run – British forces led by Henry Bouquet defeat Chief Pontiac’s Indians at Bushy Run.

1772 – First partition of Poland, between Austria, Prussia and Russia.

1775 – First Spanish ship, San Carlos, enters San Francisco Bay.

1781 – Battle at Doggers Bank: Dutch fleet vs English fleet.

1812 – War of 1812: Tecumseh’s Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne’s 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.

1837 – First ascent of Mt Marcy (5,344') highest in Adirondack, NY.

1846 – Oregon country divided between US and Britain at 49th parallel.

1858 – Cyrus W. Field completes first transatlantic telegraph cable.

1860 – Carl IV of Sweden-Norway is crowned king of Norway, in Trondheim.

1861 – Enlistment increases from three months to two years.

1861 – Naval Engagement at Fernandina, FL-USS Vincennes ends rebel blockade.

1861 – US Army abolishes flogging.

1861 – US levies its first Income Tax (3% of incomes over $800).

1862 – Battle of Baton Rouge, LA.

1864 – Battle of Mobile Bay Al-Farragut is given rank of Vice-Admiral.

1864 – Spectrum of a comet observed for first time, by Giovanni Donati

1874 – Japan launches its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system in England.

1877 – Henry Morton Stanley’s letter in order to aid reaches Boma at Congo.

1882 – Martial law is imposed in Japan.

1882 – Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.

1884 – Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe’s Island (NYC).

1890 – British and French accord to divide African colonization.

1891 – First travelers checks issued (American Express).

1901 – Peter O’Connor of Ireland, sets then long jump record at 24' 11 3/4".

1912 – Japan’s first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo.

1914 – First traffic light installed (Euclid Avenue and E. 105th Street, Cleveland).

1914 – Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico and Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I.

1914 – Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money.

1914 – Massive German assault on forts around Luik.

1914 – Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I.

1914 – US beats Australia, 3–2, to win Davis Cup.

1914 – US, Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US.

1914 – Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium.

1915 – Warsaw, evacuated by the Russians, is occupied by Germans.

1917 – British troops attack canal of Ypres in Boesinghe Belgium

1921 – First radio baseball broadcast Pirates 8, Phillies 0 (KDKA, Pitts).

1921 – Treaty of Berlin: US and Germany sign separate peace treaty.

1923 – First American to swim English Channel (Henry Sullivan).

1924 – Comic strip “Little Orphan Annie,” by Harold Gray, debuts.

1925 – Plaid Cymru is formed with the aim of disseminating knowledge of the Welsh language, which is in danger of dying out.

1926 – First talkie movie “Don Juan” at Warner Theatre, NY.

1926 – French and German trade agreement signed.

1926 – Houdini stays in a coffin under water for 1.5 hours before escaping.

1927 – Phillies Cy Williams hits for cycle in just four at bats.

1931 – Det Tiger Tommy Bridges perfect game is broken up with 2 outs in 9th.

1936 – At Berlin Olympics, Jesse Owens wins his 3rd Olympic medal.

1937 – Ranger (US) beats Endeavour II (England) in 17th America’s Cup.

1938 – 33rd Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Philadelphia (3-2).

1940 – “Acquaintance” blows-up Zandvoortse synagouge.

1940 – St Louis Brown John Whitehead no-hits Detroit Tigers, 4–0 in six innings.

1942 – British government cancels agreement of Munich.

1942 – German troops cross Kuban River.

1943 – Sicily: Three US A-36s bomb British headquarters.

1943 – Soviet forces reconquer Orel and Bjelgorod.

1943 – World War II: at around 11am during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky.

1944 – US 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne.

1944 – US troops occupy Vannes Bretagne.

1945 – Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima (August 6th in Japan).

1947 – Netherlands ceases political action in Indonesia, due to UN pressure.

1948 – Cleveland Indians set club record for most double plays in a game (six).

1949 – Clare Bridget Bracken was born.

1949 – 6.75 Earthquake hits Quito; about 6000 die.

1950 – Ezzard Charles KOs Freddie Beshore to retain HW boxing title.

1950 – Florence Chadwick swims English Channel (13:23).

1951 – Armed uprising in Ambonezen Camp Middelburg.

1953 – Operation “Big Switch” Korean War prisoner exchanged at Panmunjom.

1954 – Boxing Hall of Fame’s first election selects 24 modern and 15 pioneers.

1954 – Patty Berg wins LPGA World Golf Championshionship.

1955 – After playing 274 straight games at second base, Nellie Fox is given a day off. He comes back for the next 798 consecutive games.

1956 – KUAM TV channel 8 in Agana, GU (CBS/ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting.

1956 – Louise Suggs wins LPGA All American Golf Open.

1956 – WCYB TV channel 5 in Bristol-Kingsport, VA (NBC) begins broadcasting.

1957 – “American Bandstand,” begins network TV (ABC).

1957 – Comic strip “Andy Capp” made its debut.

1957 – WJZ-TV in Baltimore MD begins radio transmissions.

1957 – Brooklyn Sports Authority gets an engineering report on 50,000-seat stadium in downtown area for estimated $207 million

1958 – Atomic sub USS Nautilus completes first trip under North Pole.

1958 – Philip Kapleau, Zen teacher, first awakening under Yasutani Roshi.

1959 – 42.4cm rainfall in Decatur Co, Iowa (state record).

1959 – Chicago Cardinals (NFL) beat Toronto Argonauts (CFL) 55–26 in Toronto.

1960 – Burkina (formerly Upper Volta) declares independence from France.

1960 – Detroit trades manager Jimmy Dykes for Clevelands manager Joe Gordon.

1961 – 118°F (48°C), Ice Harbor Dam, Washington (state record).

1961 – Chicago Bears (NFL) beat Mont Alouettes (CFL) 34-16 in Montreal.

1962 – First quasar located by radio.

1962 – Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open.

1962 – Nelson Mandela arrested for incitement and illegally leaving S Africa.

1962 – UN command forbids flights to Katangese airports.

1963 – Britain, US and USSR sign nuclear test ban treaty.

1963 – Craig Breedlove sets world auto speed record at 407.45mph.

1963 – US, USSR and Great Britain agree to discuss banning nuclear testing.

1964 – Actress Anne Bancroft and comedian Mel Brooks wed.

1964 – Beatles record “Leave My Kitten Alone”.

1964 – Congo rebellion: Christopher Gbenye/Pierre Mulele conquer Stanleyville.

1964 – Ford Frick says he will not run for another term as commissioner.

1964 – US begins bombing North Vietnam.

1965 – Dave Marr wins PGA title.

1966 – 33rd NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 38, All-Stars 0.

1966 – Beatle John Lennon says Beatles are more popular than Jesus.

1966 – Beatles’ “Revolver” album is released.

1966 – Jose Torres beats Eddie Cotton to retain light-HW boxing title.

1966 – Martin Luther King Jr stoned during Chicago march.

1966 – USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR.

1966 – Beatles release “Revolver” album in US.

1966 – Beatles release “Yellow Submarine” and “Eleanor Rigby” in UK.

1967 – First time an AFL team beats an NFL team, Broncos beats Detroit 13–7.

1967 – Bobby Gentry releases her only hit “Ode to Billy Joe”.

1967 – Pirate Radio Station 333 (Radio Britain) and Radio London close down.

1968 – WMCV (now WZTV) TV channel 17 in Nashville, TN (IND) first broadcast.

1969 – Mariner 7 flies past Mars.

1969 – Pirate Willie Stargell is first to hit a ball out of Dodger Stadium.

1970 – Robert Morley’s “How the Other Half Loves,” premieres in London.

1970 – US Black Panther leader Huey Newton let out of jail.

1971 – WNPE TV channel 16 in Watertown, NY (PBS) begins broadcasting.

1972 – Moody Blues release “Nights in White Satin”.

1972 – Uganda president Idi Amin throws out all 80,000 Asians.

1972 – Detroit shortstop Ed Brinkman errors ends record streak of 72 games and 331 total chances without a miscue.

1973 – Arab terrorists open fire at Athens airport, kills three injures 55.

1973 – Atlanta Braves Phil Niekro no-hits SD Padres, 9-0.

1973 – Judy Rankin wins LPGA Pabst Ladies Golf Classic.

1973 – USSR launches Mars 6.

1974 – Joan Jett forms her rock group Runaways.

1974 – President Nixon admits he withheld information about Watergate break-in.

1975 – Phillies first eight batters get hits for a record, beat Cubs 13–5.

1975 – Stevie Wonder signs $13m contract with Motown.

1978 – New Orlean Saints beat Phil Eagles 14–7 in Mexico City (NFL expo).

1979 – “But Never Jam Today” closes at Longacre Theater NYC after seven performances.

1979 – Government of Mauretania signs peace treaty with Polisario.

1979 – Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Colgate European Golf Open.

1979 – Phillies Pete Rose collects NL record 2,427th career single.

1979 – Varetta Shankle (Miss), crowned 12th Miss Black America.

1979 – Willie Mays, Warren Giles, and Hack Wilson inducted in Hall of Fame.

1980 – Expos Dick Williams wins his 1,000th career game as a manager.

1980 – NY Met Doug Flynn ties record of three triples in a game.

1981 – Federal govt began firing striking air traffic controllers.

1981 – President Regan fires 11,500 air traffic controllers who struck two days previously.

1981 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1982 – Stephabue Hix, of Alabama, 18, crowned Miss National Teenager.

1982 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1984 – Alice Miller wins West Virginia LPGA Golf Classic.

1984 – Joan Benoit (US) wins first Olympic marathon for women (2:24:52).

1984 – Lou Pinella Day at Yankee Stadium.

1984 – Toronto’s Cliff Johnson hits record 19th career pinch HR.

1985 – Baseball players go on strike for two days.

1985 – Establishment of a Rock and Roll Hall of Fame is announced.

1985 – Flexible-wing glider altitude record (214,250') set by Larry Tudor.

1986 – Ingrid Kristiansen of Norway sets 5k woman’s record (14:37.33).

1986 – Steve Carlton is second to pitch 4,000 strikeout.

1986 – US Senate votes for SDI-project (Star Wars).

1986 – It’s revealed Andrew Wyeth had, secretly created 240 drawings and paintings of his neighbor Helga Testorf, in Chadds Ford, Pa.

1988 – Mario Biaggi (Rep-D-NY) convicted of racketeering resigns seat.

1989 – General elections are held in Nicaragua with the Sandinista Front winning a majority.

1990 – Barb Mucha wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic.

1990 – Jim Palmer and Joe Morgan inducted into hall of fame.

1991 – Sergei Bubka of USSR sets pole vault world record (6.10m) in Malmö Sweden.

1992 – Four cops in Rodney King beating case indicted on civil rights charge.

1994 – Antonov-12 crash down at Boda, East-Siberia, 47 killed.

1994 – Rocker Billy Idol admitted to the hospital after drug overdose.

1995 – The city of Knin, a significant Serb stronghold, is captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm. The date is celebrated as the day of victory (Victory and Homeland Thanksgiving Day) in Croatia.

1996 – Dallas Cowboys play KC Chiefs in Monterrey Mexico.

1997 – Korean Air 747 with 331 aboard crashes in Guam, 29 survive.

1997 – Ramzi Yousef, mastermind of World Trade Center bombing goes on trial.

1997 – Soyuz TM-26 crew of Anatoly Solovyov and Pavel Vinogradov, launched.

2003 – A car bomb explodes in the Indonesian capital of Jakarta outside the Marriott Hotel killing 12 and injuring 150.