Important events for September 8

1024 – Duke Koenraad II chosen German king.

1141 – Battle of Samarkand: Yelutashi defeats Islams.

1156 – Henry II Jasormigott leaves Bavaria.

1264 – The Statute of Kalisz, guaranteeing Jews safety and personal liberties and giving batteidin jurisdiction over Jewish matters, is promulgated by Boleslaus the Pious, Duke of Greater Poland.

1276 – John XXI elected Pope.

1303 – Anagni: French king Philip IV captures Pope Boniface VIII.

1331 – Stefan Dušan declares himself king of Serbia.

1380 – Battle on Kulikovo: Moscow’s great monarch Dimitri beats Mongols.

1380 – Russians defeat Tartars at Kulikovo, beginning decline of Tartars.

1449 – Battle of Tumu Fortress – Mongolians capture the Chinese emperor.

1504 – Michelangelo’s David is unveiled in Florence.

1514 – Battle at Ozra: Polish/Latvia army beats Russians.

1514 – Battle of Orsha – in one of the biggest battles of the century, Lithuanians and Poles defeat the Russian army.

1522 – Spanish navigator Juan de Elcano returns to Spain, completes first circumnavigation of globe, expedition begins under Ferdinand Magellan.

1536 – Earl of Nassau disbands siege of Peronne.

1545 – English earl Hertford leads retaliatory mission against Scotland.

1553 – City of Lichfield, England forms.

1563 – Maximilian chosen king of Hungary.

1565 – First permanent settlement in US forms (St Augustine, Florida).

1565 – Turkish siege of Malta broken by Maltese and Knights of St John.

1628 – Bay of Matanzas Cuba: Piet Heyn captures Spanish silver fleet.

1664 – Dutch surrender New Amsterdam (NY) to 300 English soldiers.

1689 – China and Russia signs Treaty of Nertsjinsk (Nierchul).

1713 – Pope Clemens XI publishes decree Unigenitus against “Jansenism”.

1727 – A barn fire during a puppet show in the village of Burwell in Cambridgeshire, England kills 78 people, many of whom are children.

1755 – Battle at Lake George: English army beats France.

1756 – French and Indian War: Kittanning Expedition.

1760 – French army gives Montreal to Gen Jeffrey Amherst.

1761 – Marriage of George III of the United Kingdom to Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (Queen Charlotte).

1771 – Mission San Gabriel Archangel forms in California.

1796 – Battle of Bassano – French beat Austrians.

1831 – William IV is crowned King of Great Britain.

1833 – Charles Darwin departs to Buenos Aires.

1847 – US under Gen Scott defeat Mexicans at Battle of Molino del Rey.

1855 – Crimean war – assault of Malakof Tower under MacMahon).

1858 – Lincoln makes a speech about when you can fool people.

1860 – Loss of steamer, Lady Elgin.

1863 – Federal troops reconquer the Cumberland Gap, Tennessee.

1863 – Battle of Sabine Pass TX: 47 Texas volunteers repel Federal forces.

1863 – Battle of Telford’s Depot TN.

1868 – NY Athletic Club forms.

1870 – Netherland and England sign “Koelietraktaat” British-Indian contract work in Suriname.

1883 – NY Giants score 13 runs in an inning against Phillies.

1883 – Northern Pacific RR’s last spike driven at Independence Creek, Mont.

1888 – In England the first six Football League matches ever are played.

1892 – First appearance of “Pledge of Allegiance” (Youth’s Companion).

1899 – British govt sends an additional 10,000 troops to Natal, South Africa.

1900 – 6,000 killed when a hurricane and tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas.

1905 – Pitts Pirates strand NL record 18 men on base and lose to Reds 8–3.

1907 – Pius X publishes encyclical Pasceni dominici gregis (anti-modernism).

1914 – British trader Oceanic sinks off Scotland.

1914 – World War I: Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during the war.

1915 – Association of Negro Life & History founded.

1919 – Babe Ruth hits his 26th HR off Jack Quinn in NY, breaking Buck Freeman’s 1899 HR mark of 25.

1920 – US Air Mail service begins (NYC to SF).

1921 – First Miss America crowned (Margaret Gorman of Washington DC).

1923 – Honda Point Disaster: nine US Navy destroyers run aground off the California coast. Seven are lost.

1924 – Alexandra Kollontai of Russia becomes first woman ambassador.

1926 – League of Nations Assembly voted unanimously to admit Germany.

1930 – First appearance of comic strip “Blondie” .

1930 – NYC public schools begin teaching Hebrew.

1930 – Richard Drew creates Scotch tape.

1933 – Spain’s second government of Azaña forms.

1934 – 54th US Mens Tennis: Fred Perry beats Wilmer L Allison (64 63 16 86).

1934 – Bradman scores 132 v Leveson-Gower XI, 90 mins, 24 fours, one six.

1934 – Luxury passenger ship Morro Castle for NJ catches fire, 133 die.

1935 – Willy de Supervise swims runs world record 200 m freestyle (2:25.2).

1936 – Princess Juliana and German prince Bernard Lippe-Biesterfeld get engaged.

1937 – Pan Arab conference about Palestine opens.

1937 – Yankees trailing 6–1 in ninth, score eight to beat Boston 9–6.

1939 – FDR declares “limited national emergency” due to war in Europe.

1939 – Gen Von Reichenaus panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw.

1939 – Indians Bob Feller, 20, is youngest pitcher to win 20 games.

1939 – Yanks beat Red Sox 4–1 in seventh, game called because of lightning.

1941 – Barbara Ann Bracken born.

1941 – Blockade of Leningrad (St Petersburg) by Germany begins.

1941 – Entire Jewish community of Meretsch, Lithuania is exterminated.

1943 – Gen Eisenhower announce unconditional surrender of Italy in WW II.

1943 – Italy surrenders to Allies in WW II.

1943 – Lt-Gen Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers Sicily.

1944 – First V2 rockets land in London & Antwerp.

1944 – Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany.

1944 – World War II: London is hit by a V2 rocket for the first time.

1945 – US invades Japanese-held Korea.

1945 – Hideki Tojo, Japanese PM during most of WW II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt fails, later he is hanged.

1946 – 60th US Womens Tennis: Pauline Betz beats Patricia Canning (119 63).

1946 – 66th US Mens Tennis: Jack Kramer beats Tom Brown Jr (97 63 60).

1946 – Bill Kennedy of Rocky Mount (CPL) strikes out minors record 456.

1946 – Bulgaria ends monarchy.

1946 – Jack Kramer wins US Tennis Open.

1946 – SF 49ers play 1st AAFC game, lose to NY Yankees 21–7.

1947 – British government sails Exodus with fugitives from Nazis.

1948 – British De Havilland 08-fighter flies faster than sound.

1951 – Japan signs peace treaty with 48 countries (SF).

1951 – Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sempiternus Rex.

1952 – 72nd US Mens Tennis: Frank A. Sedgman beats Gardnar Mulloy (61 62 63).

1952 – Ernest Hemmingway’s Old Man & Sea published.

1953 – “Carnival in Flanders” opens at New Century Theater NY for six performances.

1953 – Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fulgeno corona.

1954 – With a 3-2 count, Phillies Richie Ashburn fouls next 14, then walks.

1954 – Alan Freed leaves Cleveland to NYC for WINS radio.

1954 – SE Asia Treaty Org (SEATO) forms to stop communist spread in SE Asia.

1955 – Earliest clinching of an NL pennant (Brooklyn Dodgers).

1956 – Harry Belafonte’s album “Calypso,” goes to number 1 and stays number 1 for 31 weeks.

1957 – 77th US Mens Tennis: M J Anderson beats Ashley J Cooper (108 75 64).

1957 – Jackie Wilson, releases his 1st solo single “Reet Petite” .

1957 – Pope Pius XII encyclical On motion pictures, radio, TV.

1958 – Mickey Wright wins LPGA Dallas Golf Open.

1958 – Oman turns over Gwadur (on Baluchistan coast) to Pakistan.

1958 – Paul Anka opens Asian tour in Tokyo.

1959 – The Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) is established.

1960 – German DR limits access to East-Berlin for West Berliners.

1962 – Chinese troops exceed MacMahon-line (Tibet-India boundary).

1962 – USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR.

1962 – Last run of the famous Pines Express over the Somerset and Dorset Railway line (UK) fittingly using the last steam locomotive built by British Railways, 9F locomotive 92220 “Evening Star”.

1963 – 77th US Womens Tennis: Maria Fraser beats Margaret Smith Court (75 64).

1963 – 83rd US Mens Tennis: R. H. Osuna beats Frank Froehling III (75 64 62).

1963 – Algerian population accepts constitution.

1963 – Braves Warren Spahn ties Christy Mathewson with 13 20-win seasons.

1963 – Ines Cuervo de Priete, 34, gives birth to quintuplets, all boys.

1963 – Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Spokane Women’s Golf Open.

1965 – Hurricane Betsy kills 75 in Louisiana and Florida.

1965 – KC As Bert Campaneris plays all nine positions in a game.

1966 – “Star Trek” premieres on NBC-TV.

1966 – “That Girl” starring Marlo Thomas premieres on ABC-TV.

1966 – The Severn Bridge is officially opened by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II.

1967 – Surveyor 5 launched; makes soft landing on Moon September 10.

1967 – Uganda abolishes traditional tribal kingdoms, becomes a republic.

1967 – The formal end of steam traction in the North East of England by British Railways.

1968 – “Funny Girl” with Barbra Striesand premieres.

1968 – France performs nuclear test at Mururoa Island.

1968 – Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Pacific Ladies Golf Classic.

1968 – Saundra Williams wins first Miss Black America pageant.

1969 – Second US Tennis Open smallest session – 3708 (men’s singles final-rain).

1969 – 89th US Mens Tennis: Rodney G Laver beats Tony Roche (79 61 62 62).

1969 – Suleiman Maghrabi appointed premier of Libya.

1969 – US amateur Mens Tennis: Stan Smith beats Bob Lutz (97 63 61).

1970 – Hijacking (and subsequent destruction) of three airliners to Jordan by Palestinians; the events to follow would later become known as Black September.

1971 – John F. Kennedy Center for Performing Arts opens in Washington DC.

1972 – Chic Cub Ferguson Jenkins wins his 20th game for sixth straight year.

1972 – Jim Ryan (US) and Billy Fordjour (Ghana) collide and fall in qualifying competitions for 1,500m finals, ending Ryan’s chances for Gold.

1973 – 87th US Womens Tennis: M S Court beats E Goolagong Cawley (76 57 62).

1973 – Billy Martin named manager of Texas Rangers.

1973 – Hank Aaron sets record of most HRs in one league (709).

1973 – Rebecca Ann King (Colo), 23, crowned 46th Miss America 1974.

1974 – 88th US Womens Tennis: Billie J King beats Evonne Goolagong (36 63 75).

1974 – 94th US Mens Tennis: Jimmy Connors beats Ken Rosewall (61 60 61).

1974 – Ian Thompson wins marathon (2:13:18.8).

1974 – Joanne Carner wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open.

1974 – Pres Gerald Ford pardons former President Richard Nixon of all federal crimes.

1975 – Boston begins court ordered busing of public schools.

1975 – Guinee-Bissau declares independence from Portugal.

1976 – Fons Rademakers’ film “Max Havelaar” premieres in Amsterdam.

1977 – Interpol sends a resolution concerning video piracy.

1977 – Jimmy McCullough quits Wings.

1978 – Second game of Boston Massacre; Yanks beat Red Sox 13–2.

1978 – Irani army shoots on Khomeini followers in Teheran, 100s killed.

1979 – Cheryl Prewitt (Miss), 22, crowned 52nd Miss America 1980.

1979 – US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.

1980 – Bowie Kuhn suspends Ferguson Jenkins indefinitely due to drug arrest.

1982 – Dutch social dem party wins elections, fascist enters Dutch parliament.

1983 – NASA launches RCA-6.

1984 – 98th US Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats Chris E. L. Mills (46 64 64).

1984 – Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 41G mission.

1985 – “USA Weekend’s” first issue, appears in 255 newspapers.

1985 – 105th US Mens Tennis: Ivan Lendl beats John McEnroe (76 63 64).

1985 – Seven die in a car and train crash in San Jose Calif.

1985 – Alayson Gibbons sets 24 hour women swim record of 42.05 miles in 25m pool.

1985 – Discovery flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB.

1985 – Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Portland Ping Golf Championship.

1985 – Pete Rose ties Ty Cobb with 4,191 hits.

1986 – Westinghouse sells Muzak.

1987 – Emmy News and Documentaries Award presentation.

1988 – Emmy News and Documentaries Award presentation.

1988 – Javier Sotomayer of Cuba high jumps world record 2.43m.

1988 – NL pres Bart Giamatti is unanimously elected baseball’s seventh commish.

1989 – George Brett gets his 2,500th hit.

1989 – Mausoleum of Beatrice of Brabant (1288) discovered in Kortrijk Belgium.

1990 – 104th US Womens Tennis: Gabriela Sabatini beats Steffi Graf (62 76).

1990 – Ellis Island Historical Site opens on Ellis Island NYC.

1991 – 111th US Mens Tennis: Stefan Edberg beats Jim Courier (62 64 60).

1991 – Buffalo Bill Jim Kelly passes for six touchdowns vs Pitts (52-34).

1991 – Macedonia votes for independence from Yugoslavia.

1991 – Michelle Estill wins Ping-Cellular One LPGA Golf Championship.

1991 – Republic of Macedonia becomes independent.

1992 – Danny Tartabull has nine RBIs as Yanks beat Orioles 16-4.

1992 – Howard Stern Radio Show begins broadcasting in Dallas (KGEL-FM 97.1).

1993 – Baseball’s proposed switch to a three-division format OKed in AL.

1993 – Cheek Junxia wins world record ladies 10km (29:31.78).

1993 – Houston’s Darryl Kile throws third no-hitter of season in 7–1 over Mets.

1994 – “Philadelphia, Here I Come” opens at Criterion NYC for 52 performances.

1994 – Last US, British and French troops leave West-Berlin.

1994 – MTV awards feature newlyweds Michael Jackson & Lisa Marie Presley.

1994 – Man shoots another man on IRT #4 train at Grand Central Station.

1994 – USAir Boeing 737 crashes at Pitts Airport, killing all 132 on board.

1995 – Cleveland Indians clinch first AL Central Division title.

1996 – “7 Guitars” closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC.

1996 – 110th US Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Monica Seles (75 64).

1996 – 116th US Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Michael Chang (61 64 76).

1996 – 48th Emmy Awards: ER, Dennis Franz and Kathy Baker wins.

1996 – Dottie Pepper wins Safeway LPGA title.

1996 – Men’s championship at US Tennis Open.

1996 – Ping-Cellular One LPGA Golf Championship.

1996 – Sri Lanka defeat Australia to win Singer World Series at Colombo.

1999 – United States Attorney General Janet Reno names former Senator John Danforth to head an independent investigation of the 1993 fire at the Branch Davidian church near Waco, Texas in response to revelations in the film Waco: The Rules of Engagement contradicting the official government stories.

2002 – Texas Rangers set a major league record by homering in their 26th consecutive game as Texas falls to the Tampa Bay.

2004 – The NASA unmanned spacecraft Genesis crash-lands when its parachute fails to open.

2005 – Two EMERCOM Il-76 aircraft land at a disaster aid staging area at Little Rock Air Force Base; the first time Russia has flown such a mission to North America.